Religious Foundations of Economic Behavior in Japan: Toward Diversified Models of Historical Growth Paths by Juro TeranishiReligious Foundations of Economic Behavior in Japan: Toward Diversified Models of Historical Growth Paths by Juro Teranishi

Religious Foundations of Economic Behavior in Japan: Toward Diversified Models of Historical Growth…

byJuro Teranishi

Hardcover | June 9, 2019

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This book compares the impacts of religious reforms on the pattern of economic behavior and economic growth in thirteenth- and fourteenth-century Japan with that during the early-modern period in England. In both countries the reforms raised the value of ordinary life in the secular world as a place for religious practices. In England the religious reform in the form of the introduction of Protestantism gave rise to the capitalistic work ethic and ethos to contribute to the public welfare in order to enhance the glory of God. This, together with the influence of the philosophy of empiricism, which emphasizes cognition based on individual experience, resulted in individualism and weak concerns about others nearby in secular activities. This attitude is closely related to the emergence of the mass production system in the form of supplying consumption goods to a public composed of people with invisible faces. In Japan, reform took the shape of the easing of religious training in Buddhism and this raised the value of the secular world as the place for religious practice, inducing people to be involved in the pursuit of religious truth in daily occupational lives (kyudo-shugi). The attainment of kyudo-shugi was evaluated by others nearby, so that there emerged production activities closely related to customers who took the role of evaluating the fruits of kyudo-shugi. The English system of mass production is supply-leading in the sense of being governed by the concern about the public welfare by supplies and the Japanese system demand-leading in the sense of close consideration for the satisfaction of individual customers. Through contrasting the experience of the two countries, this book emphasizes the diversity of historical growth models in various countries and rejects single-path theories such as naive modernization theory, a proto-industrialization model, or the Great Divergence hypothesis.
Professor Juro Teranishi is Professor Emeritus of Hitotsubashi University.
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Title:Religious Foundations of Economic Behavior in Japan: Toward Diversified Models of Historical Growth…Format:HardcoverDimensions:300 pages, 23.5 × 15.5 × 0.25 inPublished:June 9, 2019Publisher:Springer NatureLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:4431556265

ISBN - 13:9784431556268

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Table of Contents

Introduction In Search of Origins in Economic Systems.- 1 Two Individualisms and Two Economic Systems.- 2 Existing Hypotheses About Japan's Growth Path.- 2 Organization of This Book.- Chapter 1 Japan and England: Comparative History of Religion and Economy.- 1 Max Weber, Robert Bellah, and Avner Greif.- 2 Methodology.- 3 Definition of Individualism.- Chapter 2 Changes in Religions in England and Japan.- (1) Changes in Religion in England.- (2) Changes in Religion in Japan.- Chapter 3 Religious Changes and the Socio-economic System in England.- (1)Individualism with Arm's-Length Distance from Others Nearby.- (2)Property Right and Its Social Functions.- (3) Supply-Led Economic System.- Chapter 4 Religious Changes and the Socio-economic System in Japan .- (1)Easy-Practice Doctrine and Individualism.- (2) Demand-Led Production System in Handicraft Manufacturing.- (3) Rise of Demand-Led Economic System .- (4)Human Capital and Individualism in the Economic Theory of Yukichi Fukuzawa.- Chapter 5 Changes in the Structure of Family: England and Japan.- (1) Family System in England.- (2)Family System in Japan.- Chapter 6 Development of the Market Economy and Rural Structure.- (1) Two Equilibria in the Move to Market Economy and Collective Actions.- (2) Privatization of Property Rights and Dissolution of the Community System in England.- (3) Evolution of the Market Economy and Private Property Rights in Japan.- Conclusions.- (1) Implications for Individualism in Japan.- (2) Implications for the Japanese Economic System and Growth Path.- (3) Implications for the Diversity of Growth Paths.- (4) Concluding Remarks.