Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions by Stephen Lomber

Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

EditorStephen Lomber, Jos Eggermont

Hardcover | October 12, 2006

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The brain has a remarkable ability to adapt in the event of damage - in many cases shifting responsibility for specific cognitive functions to other non-damaged brain regions. This 'plasticity' can be crucial in aiding recovery from stroke, trauma, and peripheral damage such as eye or eardamage. Over the past thirty years our view of cortical plasticity has evolved greatly. Early studies suggested that changes to cortical function due to peripheral lesions could only occur during development and that these plastic changes were specific to a particular temporal window or "criticalperiod". Over time, it has been demonstrated that cortical modifications as a consequence of either peripheral or central lesions can induce adaptive, or beneficial, changes in cortical function in an effort to preserve or enhance function. More recently, studies have identified that many of theseadaptive changes, once thought only possible in the developing brain, are also possible in the mature or developed brain. At present, many laboratories are defining the beneficial capabilities of cerebral cortex plasticity, upon which many proactive and therapeutic strategies may be developed inorder to maximiSe the "reprogramming" capabilities of the cerebrum. 'Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex' describes these exciting studies and examines adaptive cortical plasticity in a variety of systems (visual, auditory, somatomotor, cross-modal, language and cognition). The book leads the reader through the complexities and promise of neuroplasticity, andpresents insights into current and future research and clinical practice. It is unique in looking at the beneficial capabilities of cerebral cortex plasticity, upon which many proactive and therapeutic strategies may be developed. The book will be a valuable resource for behavioural, systems, computational and cognitive neuroscientists, as well as clinicians and neuropsychologists.

About The Author

Stephen Lomber is Associate Professor of Neuroscience and Psychology, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, and Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario. Jos Eggermont is Campbell McLaurin Chair for Hearing Deficiencies, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, and Department of Psychology, University of Calgary.

Details & Specs

Title:Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesionsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:456 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 1.18 inPublished:October 12, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019852899X

ISBN - 13:9780198528999

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Table of Contents

Vision1. Bogdan Dreher: Reprogramming of striate and extrastriate visual cortices following retinal lesion2. W Burke: Visual cortex reprogramming following retinal lesions or artificial scotomas: perceptual effects and neural circuitry3. Ulf T Eysel and Thomas Mittmann: Remodelling of cortical connections and enhanced long-term potentiation after lesions of the visual cortex4. Stephen G Lomber and Bertram R Payne: Reorganization of cerebral functions following primary visual cortex damage during infancy5. Hillary R Rodman: Behavioral and neural alterations following V1 damage in immature primates6. Krystel R Huxlin: Neurological changes underlying motion percpetion plasticity after lesions of extrastriate visual cortex in adult catsAudition7. Jos J Eggermont: A time-line of auditory cortical reorganization after noise-induced hearing loss8. Robert V Harrison: Development, maintenance and plasticity of tonotopic projections from cochlea to auditory cortex9. James F Willott: Central auditory plasticity in mouse models of progressive sensorineural hearing loss10. Andrej Kral, Rainer Hartmann and Rainer Klinke: Recruitment of the auditory cortex in congenitally deaf cats11. Curtis W Ponton: Critical periods for human cortical development: an ERP study in children with cochlear implantSomatomotor12. Randolph J Nudo and Ines Eisner-Janowicz: Neuronal plasticity after stroke: evidence from animal models of postinjury recovery13. Wolf Muellbacher and Mark Hallett: Reprogramming surviving motor cortex after stroke14. Nick Ward and Richard S J Frackowiack: Cerebral reprogramming underlying functional recovery following stroke15. Jon H Kaas and Yvonne Rothemund: Reorganization of somatosensory and motor cortex followinig peripheral nerve or spinal cord injury in primates16. Bryan Kolb and Robbin Gibb: Critical periods for functional recovery after cortical injury during development17. Eric M Rouiller, Thierry Wannier, Eric Schmidlin and Yu Liu: Reprogramming the motor cortex for functional recovery after neonatal or adult unilateral lesion of the corticospinal system in the macaque monkey18. Hasini Reddy: Adaptive functional changes in the cerebral cortex during multiple sclerosis19. Herta Flor and Caroline Koeppe: Cortical reprogramming: significance for phantom phenomena and clinical implicationsCross-modal20. Jessica R Newton, Ania J Majewska, Charlene Ellsworth and Mriganka Sur: Reprogramming cortex: the consequences of cross-modal plasticity during development21. Josef P Rauschecker: Adaptive plasticity and sensory substitution in the cerebral cortex22. Lofti B Merabet, Amir Amedi and Alvaro Pascual-Leone: Activation of the visual cortex by Braille reading in blind subjects23. Dave Saint-Amour, Jean-Paul Guillemot, Maryse Lassonde and Franco Lepore: Sound localization in early-blind human subjects: evidence for adaptive cortical plasticityCognition24. Joan Stiles, Pamela Moses and Brianna M Paul: The longitudinal study of spatial cognitive development inchildren with pre- or perinatal focal brain injury: evidence for cognitive compensation and for the emergence of alternative profiles of brain organization

Editorial Reviews

"An abundance of information...This book is full of useful and intriguing information."--Doody's