Resource Abundance and Economic Development

Paperback | November 24, 2004

EditorR. M. Auty

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Since the 1960s the per capita incomes of the resource-poor countries have grown significantly faster than those of the resource-abundant countries. In fact, in recent years economic growth has been inversely proportional to the share of natural resource rents in GDP, so that the smallmineral-driven economies have performed least well and the oil-driven economies worst of all. Yet the mineral-driven resource-rich economies have high growth potential because the mineral exports boost their capacity to invest and to import."Resource Abundance and Economic Development" explains the disappointing performance of resource-abundant countries by extending the growth accounting framework to include natural and social capital. The resulting synthesis identifies two contrasting development trajectories: the competitiveindustrialization of the resource-poor countries and the staple trap of many resource-abundant countries. The resource-poor countries are less prone to policy failure than the resource-abundant countries because social pressures force the political state to align its interests with the majority poorand follow relatively prudent policies. Resource-abundant countries are more likely to engender political states in which vested interests vie to capture resource surpluses (rents) at the expense of policy coherence. A longer dependence on primary product exports also delays industrialization,heightens income inequality, and retards skill accumulation. Fears of 'Dutch disease' encourage efforts to force industrialization through trade policy to protect infant industry. The resulting slow-maturing manufacturing sector demands transfers from the primary sector that outstrip the naturalresource rents and sap the competitiveness of the economy. The chapters in this collection draw upon historical analysis and models to show that a growth collapse is not the inevitable outcome of resource abundance and that policy counts. Malaysia, a rare example of successful resource-abundant development, is contrasted with Ghana, Bolivia, Saudi Arabia,Mexico, and Argentina, which all experienced a growth collapse. The book also explores policies for reviving collapsed economies with reference to Costa Rica, South Africa, Russia and Central Asia. It demonstrates the importance of initial conditions to successful economic reform.

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Since the 1960s the per capita incomes of the resource-poor countries have grown significantly faster than those of the resource-abundant countries. In fact, in recent years economic growth has been inversely proportional to the share of natural resource rents in GDP, so that the smallmineral-driven economies have performed least well ...

R. M. Auty is Professor of Economic Geography in the Department of Geography at Lancaster University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:356 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.81 inPublished:November 24, 2004Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199275785

ISBN - 13:9780199275786

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Table of Contents

I. IntroductionRichard M. Auty: Introduction and OverviewII. Critical Parameters in Resource-Based Development Models2. Richard M. Auty and Sampsa Kiiski: Natural Resources, Capital Accumulation, Structural Change, and Welfare3. Kirk Hamilton: The Sustainability of Extractive Economies4. Nancy Birdsall, Thomas Pinckney, and Richard Sabot: Natural Resources, Human Capital, and Growth5. Michael Woolcock, Lant Pritchett, and Jonathan Isham: The Social Foundations of Poor Economic Growth in Resource-Rich CountriesIII. Long-Term Perspective on, and Models of, Resource-Based Growth6. Ronald Findlay and Mats Lundahl: Natural Resources and Economic Development: The 1870-1914 Experience7. S. Mansoob Murshed: Short-Run Models of Contrasting Natural Resource Endowments8. Richard M. Auty and Alan H. Gelb: Political Economy of Resource-Abundant StatesIV. Development Trajectories of Resource-Abundant Countries9. Mahani Zainal Abidin: Competitive Industrialization with Natural Resource Abundance: Malaysia10. Robert Osei: A Growth Collapse with Diffuse Resources: Ghana11. Richard M. Auty and J. L. Evia: A Growth Collapse with Point Resources: Bolivia12. Richard M. Auty: A Growth Collapse with High Rent Point Resources: Saudi Arabia13. Richard M. Auty: Large Resource-Abundant Countries Squander their Size Advantage: Mexico and ArgentinaV. Lessons for Policy Reform14. Gustavo Barboza and Jose Cordero: Reforming a Small Resource-Rich Developing Market Economy: Costa Rica15. Carolyn Jenkins: Growth, Capital Accumulation, and Economic Reform in South Africa16. Richard M. Auty: Reforming Resource-Abundance Transition Economies: Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan17. Anil Markandya and Alina Averchenkova: Reforming a Large Resource-Abundant Transition Economy: Russia18. Thorvaldur Gylfason: A Nordic Perspective on Natural Resource AbundanceVI. Conclusions19. Richard M. Auty: Conclusions: Resource Abundance, Growth Collapse, and Policy

Editorial Reviews

`... the volume is to be welcomed, and will hopefully be widely read and cited'Journal of International Development