Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Hardcover | January 3, 2012

EditorMilan R. Dimitrijevic, W. Barry McKay, Gerta Vrbova

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Following injury or disease, neural circuitry can be altered to varying degrees leading to highly individualized characteristics that may or may not resemble original function. In addition, lost or partially damaged circuits and the effects of biological recovery processes coupled with learnedcompensatory strategies create a new neuroanatomy with capabilities that are often not functional or may interfere with daily life. To date, the majority of approaches used to treat neurological dysfunction have focused on the replacement of lost or damaged function, usually through the suppressionof surviving neural activity and the application of mechanical assistive devices. Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury offers a different and novel approach. Focusing on the spinal cord and its role in motor control, the book details the clinical and neurophysiological assessment process and methods developed throughout the past half century by basic and clinical scientists. Then, through the use of specialized clinical and neurophysiological testingmethods, conduction and processing performed within the surviving neural circuitry is examined and characterized in detail. Based on the results of such assessment, treatment strategies, also described in this book, are applied to augment, rather than replace, the performance of surviving neuralcircuitry and improve the functional capacity of people who have experienced injury to their spinal cords.

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Following injury or disease, neural circuitry can be altered to varying degrees leading to highly individualized characteristics that may or may not resemble original function. In addition, lost or partially damaged circuits and the effects of biological recovery processes coupled with learnedcompensatory strategies create a new neuroa...

Milan R. Dimitrijevic, MD, PhD, is Principle Investigator of the Foundation for Movement Recovery in Oslo, Norway and Emeritus Professor at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. Byron A. Kakulas, MD, FRACP, FRCPA, FRCPath, is Medical Director at the Australian Neuromuscular Research Institute in Nedlands, Western Australia, Au...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:320 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:January 3, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199746508

ISBN - 13:9780199746507

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Table of Contents

ForewordPreface1. Residual motor function after spinal cord injury2. Neurophysiological principles for the assessment of residual motor control below the spinal cord injury in humans3. Restorative neurology of motor control after spinal cord injury: clinical practice4. Neural control of locomotion5. Summary of strategies used to repair the injured spinal cord6. The reconstructive neurosurgery of spinal injury7. Criteria for biological interventions for spinal cord injury8. Neurophysiological assessment of human motor control and changes caused by spinal cord injury9. Neurophysiologic monitoring of the human spinal cord functional integrity during surgical interventions10. Transcutaneous lumbar posterior root stimulation for motor control studies and modification of motor activity after spinal cord injuryEpilogueAppendix I - A manual for the neurophysiological assessment of motor control: The Brain Motor Control Assessment (BMCA) ProtocolpagesAppendix II - Academic environment for the development of human motor control in Ljubljana