Rigid Flexibility: The Logic of Intelligence by Pei WangRigid Flexibility: The Logic of Intelligence by Pei Wang

Rigid Flexibility: The Logic of Intelligence

byPei Wang

Paperback | October 10, 2011

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This book is the most comprehensive description of the decades-long Non-Axiomatic Reasoning System (NARS) project, including its philosophical foundation, methodological consideration, conceptual design details, implications in the related fields, and its similarities and differences to many related works in cognitive science. While most current works in Artificial Intelligence (AI) focus on individual aspects of intelligence and cognition, NARS is designed and developed to attack the AI problem as a whole.

Title:Rigid Flexibility: The Logic of IntelligenceFormat:PaperbackDimensions:402 pages, 24 × 16 × 0.01 inPublished:October 10, 2011Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9048172640

ISBN - 13:9789048172641

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Table of Contents

Preface Acknowledgment PART I. Theoretical Foundation Chapter 1. The Goal of Artificial Intelligence 1.1 To define intelligence 1.2 Various schools in AI research 1.3 AI as a whole Chapter 2. A New Approach Toward AI 2.1 To define AI 2.2 Intelligent reasoning systems 2.3 Major design issues of NARS PART II. Non-Axiomatic Reasoning System Chapter 3. The Core Logic 3.1 NAL-0: binary inheritance 3.2 The language of NAL-1 3.3 The inference rules of NAL-1 Chapter 4. First-Order Inference 4.1 Compound terms 4.2 NAL-2: sets and variants of inheritance 4.3 NAL-3: intersections and differences 4.4 NAL-4: products, images, and ordinary relations Chapter 5. Higher-Order Inference 5.1 NAL-5: statements as terms 5.2 NAL-6: statements with variables 5.3 NAL-7: temporal statements 5.4 NAL-8: procedural statements Chapter 6. Inference Control 6.1 Task management 6.2 Memory structure 6.3 Inference processes 6.4 Budget assessment . PART III. Comparison and Discussion Chapter 7. Semantics 7.1 Experience vs. model 7.2 Extension and intension 7.3 Meaning of term 7.4 Truth of statement Chapter 8. Uncertainty 8.1 The non-numerical approaches 8.2 The fuzzy approach 8.3 The Bayesian approach 8.4 Other probabilistic approaches 8.5 Unified representation of uncertainty Chapter 9. Inference Rules 9.1 Deduction 9.2 Induction 9.3 Abduction 9.4 Implication Chapter 10. NAL as a Logic 10.1 NAL as a term logic 10.2 NAL vs. predicate logic 10.3 Logic and AI Chapter 11. Categorization and Learning 11.1 Concept and categorization 11.2 Learning in NARS Chapter 12. Control and Computation 12.1 NARS and theoretical computer science 12.2 Various assumptions about resources 12.3 Dynamic natures of NARS PART IV. Conclusions Chapter 13. Current Results 13.1 Theoretical foundation 13.2 Formal model 13.3 Computer implementation Chapter 14. NARS in the Future 14.1 Next steps of the project 14.2 What NARS is not 14.3 General implications Bibliography Index

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"Rigid Flexibility presents a new theory of cognition. As such it is devoted to the general research for Artificial Intelligence (AI), in contrast to a focus of other AI research that is focusing on solving specific reasoning problems such as planning or learning for example. . The review of the principles and assumptions underlying the various streams of AI research make this book very interesting to read and enable the reader to easily compare the presented theory with other existing approaches." (Jana Koehler, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1122 (24), 2007)