Risk, Disaster and Crisis Reduction: Mobilizing, Collecting and Sharing Information by Valerie NovemberRisk, Disaster and Crisis Reduction: Mobilizing, Collecting and Sharing Information by Valerie November

Risk, Disaster and Crisis Reduction: Mobilizing, Collecting and Sharing Information

byValerie November, Yvan Leanza

Hardcover | October 20, 2014

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In the field of risks and crises, both the access to relevant information and its circulation are seen as crucial factors. Based on a new integrated theoretical model focusing on the stakeholder, the book proposes analysis of information reformulation and circulation in risk environments and crisis situations.

Simply circulating the information does not mean that it will be picked up by those who could benefit from it. This has been amply demonstrated by the various crises and catastrophes that have shaken the planet in recent years. In order to be able to deal with risk situations and crises, it must be possible for information - when it circulates - to be understood and interpreted by a wide range of stakeholders, working in fields such as health and natural or environmental risks. By observing closely, in three very different situations, the way in which information is gathered, processed, distributed and used, this book examines the countless reformulations, redefinitions and even reorientations to which all information is subjected. This multiple reformatting, at least according to the hypothesis put forward in this book, is an important element in ensuring that the information produced circulates and reaches those for whom it is intended. The intention is then to analyze the way in which information circulates in situations of risk and crisis. In order to do it, the authors propose a new theoretical model based on different approaches. This model is anchored in the trend of research that has been oriented towards a wider understanding of risks and their territorial and social consequences. These ideas question the approach to risk which focuses primarily on technical aspects and probability. The model also draws from approaches to risk that focus on the stakeholders involved in the debates and the need for an integrated vision of risks. Risks are thus considered heterogeneous, plural and transcalar. The information flow about risks was studied first in the SHOC Room of the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, a central place through which passes all information destined to managing world-wide epidemic risks. Then the research team monitored the constitution and the reception of a field library about risks management and reduction sent to Madagascar, an island systematically hit by cyclones. This following process has permitted the analysis of information dissemination during a crisis situation. The third field work was done in Cameroun to observe the use and transmission of information in two NGO specializing in sanitary risks prevention using traditional and biomedical conceptualization of health and illness. The book ends with a practical tool to assess and help the information circulation in risk and crisis situations.

Valerie November, Ph.D., is CNRS Research Professor and is working at the Techniques, Territories and Society Lab (LATTS), Ecole des Ponts ParisTech. Between 2006 and 2011, she worked as Swiss National Science Foundation Professor at Ecole Polytechnique Federale of Lausanne (EPFL). Her research focuses on risk management in many differ...
Title:Risk, Disaster and Crisis Reduction: Mobilizing, Collecting and Sharing InformationFormat:HardcoverDimensions:184 pagesPublished:October 20, 2014Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3319085417

ISBN - 13:9783319085418

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Table of Contents

Preface.- Risk and Information: for a new Conceptual Framework.- A Contemporary Look at Risks: Risks are Plural and Transcalar.- Information as a Process.- Definitions, Classifications and Models.- Reviewing Risk Categories.- Integrated Risk Management.- Temporal Risk Models.- Contextualising the Stages of Risk and the Various Types of Expertise.- The Information Flow.- Proposing a new Conceptual Framework.- The Translation Process.- The Holds.- The Trajectories.- The Research.- Case Studies.- Methodology.- Field Research.- Disseminating Information and Risk Management in Madagascar.- Risk Management in Madagascar.- The Institutional Structures of Crisis Management.- The Focal Point in Madagascar: the BNGRC.- The Roles and Responsibilities of the Actors.- The Terminology and the Categories of Alert Used.- Prevention, Alleviation, Preparation, Intervention.- Vulnerability.- The Warning.- Permeable Categories.- Definitions and Approaches to Risks.- The Circulation of Risk Information in Madagascar.- The Information Circulation Profiles.- Vertical Communication.- Horizontal Communication.- Actor Profiles.- The Socio-Technical Intermediaries.- Batteries.- Fuel.- Books, Forms and Reports.- Figures.- Conclusion.- Continuity between Categories and Reference Points for Action.- Structure Linking the Levels of Information.- Connexity and Contiguity.- Using and Communicating Information Practices Adopted by Tow Organisations in Cameroon.- Introduction.- The National Context with Regard to Health and Environmental Problems.- Objectives of the Research carried out in Cameroon.- Presentation of two NGOs, Local Contexts and Populations.- Research Methods.- The Doctors Working with Prosenat.- Definition of Risk and of Prevention.- Sources of Information and Professional Training Routes.- Communicating Knowledge.- Circulation of Information.- The Prosenat Traditional Therapists.- Definition of Risk and of Prevention.- Training and Sources of Information.- Communicating Knowledge.- Circulation of Information.- The Members of Wesde.- The Definition of Risk and Prevention.- Training and Sources of Information.- Communicating Knowledge.- Sources of Knowledge and Stages of its Transmission by Wesde.- Synthesis and Reflections.- Professional Definitions of Risk and Prevention.- A Restricting Factor: the Funding Structure for the Transmission of Knowledge.- Professional Training Routes: Gaps in the Transmission of Knowledge.- The Consequences of the Lack of Recognition for Traditional Medicine by the State.- Translation and Transmission of the Information.- Conclusions.- Conclusion.