Rudimentary Architecture For The Use Of Beginners And Students; The Orders, And Their Æsthetic Principles by William Henry Leeds

Rudimentary Architecture For The Use Of Beginners And Students; The Orders, And Their Æsthetic…

byWilliam Henry Leeds

Paperback | January 10, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1854. Not illustrated. Excerpt: ... GERMAN, FRENCH, AND NORMAN. 39 with France in the erection of churches. The principles of the architecture that prevailed in both countries were identical, being modifications of the Lombardic styles, and were characterized by the general use of the semicircular forms in arches or windows. One of the earliest of the French churches that presents any features that require our notice is that of St. Germain des Pre's, which was rebuilt by Abbot Morard, in 1014. The nave of the church still remains in its primitive state; the capitals of some of the columns possess much of the character of the Corinthian order, whilst others are composed of birds and griffins. In the churches of Normandy, more particularly those of the Holy Trinity and St. Stephen at Caen, the capitals of the columns are direct imitations of the Corinthian order, with the exception of the abaci, which are more massive: they have the volutes at the angles, and two rows of solid leaves above the astragal.* In the beginning of the eleventh century two of the greatest ecclesiastical buildings of France were erected, viz. the cathedral of Chartres, and the abbey of Cluny. Both are cruciform in plan: the first is 420 feet in length and 108 in breadth, and on the east side of the choir the aisles are double. The abbey church of Cluny, which is perhaps one of the most interesting ecclesiastical monuments in France, was erected in 1056. The style of these buildings is similar to that which prevailed throughout Europe at nearly the same time, and is more familiar to us under the name of Norman. The buildings in Normandy of the eleventh and twelfth centuries are undeniably the models from which those in our own country were copied; it will therefore only be necessary to give one description of their peculiarit...

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Title:Rudimentary Architecture For The Use Of Beginners And Students; The Orders, And Their Æsthetic…Format:PaperbackDimensions:110 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.23 inPublished:January 10, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217546471

ISBN - 13:9780217546478

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