Rumania 1866-1947

Hardcover | June 1, 1995

byKeith Hitchins

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From the mid-nineteenth century until the Second World War, the energies of Rumanian political and intellectual elites were absorbed by the building of their nation. In this comprehensive and scholarly study Keith Hitchins traces these complex processes and explores how Rumania's leadersattempted to transform the ideology of modern nationhood into strong political, economic, and social institutions and to find ways of preserving independence in an international political and economic order dominated by the great powers. As the new Rumania took shape, the threads of historical continuity remained strikingly evident: in government a strong administrative centralization prevailed, despite the maturing of parliamentary institutions and the diversity of political expression; the national economy remained beholden toagriculture, despite the steady growth of industry; and in cultural life traditional values persisted, despite the adoption of modern forms. In foreign relations the most pressing aim was to unite all Rumanians in a single state and to defend its sovereignty within an uncertain international order. In all these endeavours, the measure of achievement was the West. After the Second World War, when the Communist Party came to power, this historical continuity was broken. The experiment in nation-building gave way to a new ideology, and Rumania now turned to the Soviet political and economicmodel.

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From the mid-nineteenth century until the Second World War, the energies of Rumanian political and intellectual elites were absorbed by the building of their nation. In this comprehensive and scholarly study Keith Hitchins traces these complex processes and explores how Rumania's leadersattempted to transform the ideology of modern na...

Keith Hitchins is a Professor of History at University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:592 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 1.5 inPublished:June 1, 1995Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198221266

ISBN - 13:9780198221265

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`Keith Hitchins examines the Balkan nation in a detailed, almost surgical manner. Little, if anything, escapes the author's scrutiny in his portrayal of an emerging nation. Hitchins has produced not only the definitive work on the development of the modern, precommunist Romanian state but alsoan outstanding case study of nation-building in general. Rich in detail and clearly presented and argued, this is a study that painstakingly chronicles the history of an often overlooked country ... It is impossible to imagine how a work of this scope could be more complete ... future bibliographicesaays on modern Romanian history will have to begin with this remarkable volume.'Richard Frucht, Northwest Missouri State University, American Historical Review, February 1996