Russian Rule In Samarkand: A Comparison With British India

Hardcover | November 9, 2008

byAlexander Morrison

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Russian Rule in Samarkand uses a comparative approach to examine the structures, personnel, and ideologies of Russian imperialism in Turkestan, taking Samarkand and the surrounding region as a case-study. The creation of a colonial administration in Central Asia presented Russia with similarproblems to those faced by the British in India, but different approaches to governance meant that the two regimes often stood in stark contrast to one another. While the Russian administration was characterised by corruption and inefficiency, British rule in India was much more violent, and itssubjects much more heavily taxed.Opening with the background to the political situation in Central Asia and a narrative of Russian conquest itself, the book moves on to analyse official attitudes to Islam and to pre-colonial elites, and the earliest attempts to establish a functioning system of revenue collection. Uncovering thereligious and ethnic composition of the military bureaucracy, and the social background, education and training of its personnel, Alexander Morrison assesses the competence of these officers vis-a-vis their Anglo-Indian counterparts. Subsequent chapters look at the role of the so-called 'nativeadministration' in governing the countryside and collecting taxes, the attempt to administer the complex systems of irrigation leading from the Zarafshan and Syr-Darya rivers, and the nature and functions of the Islamic judiciary under colonial rule. Based on extensive archival research in Russia, India, and Uzbekistan, and containing much rare source material translated from the original Russian, Russian Rule in Samarkand will be of interest to all those interested in the history of the Russian Empire and European Imperialism moregenerally.

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Russian Rule in Samarkand uses a comparative approach to examine the structures, personnel, and ideologies of Russian imperialism in Turkestan, taking Samarkand and the surrounding region as a case-study. The creation of a colonial administration in Central Asia presented Russia with similarproblems to those faced by the British in Ind...

Alexander Morrison was born in 1978 in the Hague, the Netherlands, where his father was working as a foreign correspondent, and grew up in Moscow, Paris, Harare and Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was educated at Borrowdale Primary School, Harare, Sevenoaks School in Kent and at Oriel College, Oxford, where he read Modern History and won...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:380 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 1.08 inPublished:November 9, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199547378

ISBN - 13:9780199547371

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. The Setting2. Religion and the Problem of Islam3. The Creation of a Local Administration and the Abolition of Amlakdari4. The Military Bureaucracy5. The 'Living Wall': Native Administration in Samarkand6. Irrigation7. Qazis and the JudiciaryConclusionAppendices