Gilbert Ryle is acknowledged as a major figure in twentieth-century philosophy and yet discussions of Ryle's own writings are rare. This is a great pity, since his work is philosophically rich and the arguments and positions he develops are often subtler and more persuasive than those ascribed to him. In this collection, leading scholars engage with Ryle's writings on topics such as the concept of thinking, the explanation of action, the notion of a category mistake, and the analysis of hypotheticals. Together the essays demonstrate the continuing relevance of Ryle's arguments to these areas of philosophy. The contributors are Maria Alvarez, Jonathan Dancy, Hans-Johann Glock, Christoph Pfisterer, Bede Rundle, Paul Snowdon, Rowland Stout, Julia Tanney, and Roger Teichmann.