Sacred and Public Land in Ancient Athens

Hardcover | November 13, 2011

byNikolaos Papazarkadas

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Landed wealth was crucial for the economies of all Greek city-states and, despite its peculiarities, Athens was no exception in that respect. This monograph is the first exhaustive treatment of sacred and public - in other words the non-private - real property in Athens. Following a survey ofmodern scholarship on the topic, Papazarkadas scrutinizes literary, epigraphic, and archaeological evidence in order to examine lands and other types of realty administered by the polis of Athens and its constitutional and semi-official subdivisions (such as tribes, demes, and religiousassociations). Contrary to earlier anachronistic models which saw sacred realty as a thinly disguised form of state property, the author perceives the sanctity of temene (sacred landholdings) as meaningful, both conceptually and economically. In particular, he detects a seamless link between sacred rentals andcultic activity. This link is markedly visible in two distinctive cases: the border area known as Sacred Orgas, a constant source of contention between Athens and Megara; and the moriai, Athena's sacred olive-trees, whose crop was the coveted prize of the Panathenaic games. Both topics are treatedin separate appendices as are several other problems, not least the socio-economic profile of those involved in the leasing of sacred property, emerging from a detailed prosopographical analysis. However, certain non-private landholdings were secular and alienable, and their exploitation was oftenbased on financial schemes different from those applied in the case of temene. This gives the author the opportunity to analyze and elucidate ancient notions of public and sacred ownership.

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Landed wealth was crucial for the economies of all Greek city-states and, despite its peculiarities, Athens was no exception in that respect. This monograph is the first exhaustive treatment of sacred and public - in other words the non-private - real property in Athens. Following a survey ofmodern scholarship on the topic, Papazarkada...

Nikolaos Papazarkadas has taught at Oxford and Trinity College Dublin, and is currently an Assistant Professor of Classics at the University of California at Berkeley. He specializes in Greek Epigraphy and has published extensively on inscriptions from Athens and the Cyclades.
Format:HardcoverDimensions:416 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.1 inPublished:November 13, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199694001

ISBN - 13:9780199694006

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Modern scholarly responses2. The Athenian polis as administrator of sacred realty2.1 A preliminary note2.2 The landed wealth of Athena Polias and the Other Gods2.3 The sacred property of the Eleusinian Goddesses: administrative aspects2.4 The new polis-gods as proprietors of realty2.5 Athenaion Politeia 47.4-5 and the leasing of sacred lands in Classical Athens2.6 Investing sacred rentals2.7 The economic significance of sacred rentals3. The constitutional subunits of Athens as administrators of realty3.1 The landed assets of the Attic tribes3.1.i The early phase3.1.ii The Athenian reacquisition of Oropos and the tribal land allotment3.1.iii Administration of phyle-properties and tribal economics3.2 he real property of the Attic demes3.2.i Prolegomenon3.2.ii The mechanism of leasing3.2.iii Other forms of deme property administration3.2.iv Sales of lands controlled by demes3.2.v Rentals, deme economics, and religion3.2.vi Non-sacral deme property3.2.vii Lessees and purchasers of deme properties3.2.viii The territorial aspect of the Attic demes3.2.ix EpilogueThe non-constitutional associations of Athens as administrators of realty4.1 The real property of the Attic phratries4.1.i Types of phratric realty4.1.ii Exploitation of phratric realty4.2 The Attic gene and their landed property4.2.i Introductory remark4.2.ii The landed wealth of the Salaminioi: a case-study4.2.iii Gentilician property: beyond the Salaminioi4.2.iv An overview4.3 The real property of the Attic orgeones4.3.i Leasing out orgeonic property4.3.ii Sales of orgeonic property and the problem of alienation4.3.iii Lessees and purchasers of orgeonic property: some considerations4.4 Other types of associations as property administrators5. Public, non-sacred, realty in ancient Athens5.1 The evidence5.2An interpretative analysis6. ConspectusAppendices:Appendix I: The Sacred OrgasAppendix II: Moriai: Sacred arboriculture in Classical AthensAppendix III: IG II2 1593 revisitedAppendix IV: The Theodoreion of the PrasieisAppendix V: The genos of the PyrrhakidaiAppendix VI: The split of the Salaminioi and the eponymous archon PhanomachosAppendix VII: Catalogue of lessees and guarantors of polis-controlled temene Bibliography