Safety in Tritium Handling Technology by F. MannoneSafety in Tritium Handling Technology by F. Mannone

Safety in Tritium Handling Technology

byF. Mannone

Paperback | November 13, 2012

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The use of tritium as a basic fuel material in a thermonuclear fusion reactor raises particular safety issues due to the combined effects of its physicochemical properties and its radioactive nature. Furthermore, the possibility of attaining further significant progress in developing and demonstrating the feasibility of tritium burning devices relies on the handling of tritium macroquantities, say tens of grams, in a safe and reliable manner. It is also certain that, apart from technological constraints, any validation and exploitation of thermonuclear fusion as a source of energy will be strongly conditioned by the application of stringent operational and environmental safety criteria derived from the norms of modern legislation and public acceptance considerations. This publication illustrates the most prominent safety aspects associated with the safe operation, maintenance and experimental utilization of a tritium handling facility. Besides the need for safe and reliable systems for tritium containment, monitoring and storage, particular attention is devoted to problems linked with tritium--material interaction and tritium processing, according to the different options applicable both to the tritium handling laboratory and future fusion devices. Selected topics, such as biological hazard, dosimetry, radiological protection and environmental safety are reviewed with particular attention to implications for operators and general public. Finally, outstanding experience gained during the recent JET operation and after many years of dismantling tritiated facilities at CEN--Valduc are illustrated. The book is principally addressed to scientists concerned with tritium R&D activities, as well as to designers and operators of tritium handling plants.
Title:Safety in Tritium Handling TechnologyFormat:PaperbackDimensions:236 pagesPublished:November 13, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401048444

ISBN - 13:9789401048446

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Table of Contents

Preface. 1. Fundamentals on Tritium; H. Dworschak. 2. Tritium Processing Using Scavenger Beds: Theory and Operation; W.T. Shmayda. 3. Tritium Handling Options: from NET to Power Reactor; P.J. Dinner, D.K. Murdoch. 4. Tritium Materials Interactions; N.P. Kherani, W.T. Shmayda. 5. Tritium Storage; R.-D. Penzhorn. 6. Tritium Containment; J.M. Miller. 7. Radiation Protection - Tritium Instrumentation and Monitoring Methods; E. Dodi, A. Benco. 8. Tritium Biological Hazard and Dosimetry; J. Piechowski. 9. Radiological Protection and Environmental Safety; A.A. Cigna, L. Risposi. 10. Dismantling of Tritiated Facilities Management of Tritiated Wastes; P. Giroux. 11. JET Tritium Experience; A.C. Bell, JET Team. Index.