Scaling in Biology

Paperback | February 15, 2000

EditorJames H. Brown, Geoffrey B. West

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Scaling relationships have been a persistent theme in biology at least since the time of Leonardo da Vinci and Galileo. Because scaling relationships are among the most general empirical patterns in biology, they have stimulated research to develop mechanistic hypotheses and mathematicalmodels. While there have been many excellent empirical and theoretical investigations, there has been little attempt to synthesize this diverse but interrelated area of biology. In an effort to fill this void, Scaling in Biology, the first general treatment of scaling in biology in over 15 years,covers a broad spectrum of the most relevant topics in a series of chapters written by experts in the field. Some of those topics discussed include allometry and fractal structure, branching of vascular systems of mammals and plants, biomechanical and life history of plants, invertebrates andvertebrates, and species-area patterns of biological diversity. Many more examples are included within this text to complete the broader picture. Scaling in Biology conveys the diversity, promise, and excitement of current research in this area, in a format accessible to a wide audience of not onlyspecialists in the various sub-disciplines, but also students and anyone with a serious interest in biology.

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Scaling relationships have been a persistent theme in biology at least since the time of Leonardo da Vinci and Galileo. Because scaling relationships are among the most general empirical patterns in biology, they have stimulated research to develop mechanistic hypotheses and mathematicalmodels. While there have been many excellent empi...

James H. Brown is at University of New Mexico. Geoffrey B. West is at Los Almos National Laboratory.

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Format:PaperbackPublished:February 15, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195131428

ISBN - 13:9780195131420

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Table of Contents

PrefaceJames H. Brown, Geoffrey B. West, and Brian J. Enquist: Scaling in Biology: Patterns and Processes, Causes and ConsequencesJohn Tyler Bonner and Henry S. Horn: Allometry and Natural SelectionR. McNeill Alexander: Hovering and Jumping: Contrasting Problems in ScalingAndrew A. Biewener: Scaling of Terrestrial Support: Differing Solutionsto Mechanical Constraints of SizeMimi A. R. Koehl: Consequences of Size Change during Ontogeny and EvolutionGeoffrey B. West, James H. Brown, and Brian J. Enquist: The Origin of Universal Scaling Laws in BiologyJohn K.-J. Li: Scaling and Invariants in Cardiovascular BiologyMair Zamir: Vascular System of the Human Heart: Some Branching and Scaling IssuesWolfgang Schreiner et al.: Constrained Constructive Optimization of Arterial Tree ModelsBrian J. Enquist, Geoffrey B. West, and James H. Brown: Quarter-Power Allometric Scaling in Vascular Plants: Functional Basis and Ecological ConsequencesHenry S. Horn: Twigs, Trees, and the Dynamics of Carbon in the LandscapeRichard E. Lenski and Judith A. Mongold: Cell Size, Shape, and Fitness in Evolving Populations of BacteriaJan Kozd/lowski: Does Body Size Optimization Alter the Allometries for Production and Life History Traits?Paul H. Harvey: Why and How Phylogenetic Relationships Should Be Incorporated into Studies of ScalingHelene Cyr: Individual Energy Use and the Allometry of Population DensityWilliam A. Calder: Diversity and Convergence: Scaling for ConservationJohn Harte: Scaling and Self-Similarity in Species Distributions: Implications for Extinction, Species Richness, Abundance, and RangeIndex

Editorial Reviews

"I personally appreciate this volume because it represents genuine integrative biology--understanding system behavior from underlying principles and components. The viewpoint is frequently praised but seldom achieved in detail. This book is, in my opinion, an important contribution toquantitative biology and can be read and appreciated by both biologists and mathematicians."--Doody's