School Crime And Juvenile Justice

Paperback | May 10, 2006

byRichard Lawrence

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School Crime and Juvenile Justice, Second Edition, examines the nature, extent, and causes of school crime and disruptive behavior, offering a comprehensive overview of this significant and growing problem. Drawing on numerous sources and on studies conducted over the past ten years, thesecond edition reviews the most up-to-date theories on the relationship between school crime and crime in the community, the role of parents and peers, and schools' organization and policies. Lawrence discusses current research findings, laws and school policies, prevention strategies, andalternative schools and special education programs for at-risk and delinquent students. Extensively revised and updated, this edition includes two new chapters: Chapter 6 examines the school environment and how school size, structure, and related factors affect school crime and safety, while Chapter7 discusses recent research on identifying which students may be at risk of committing school violence. Chapters on the causes of juvenile delinquency and the role of police, courts, and corrections in the administration of juvenile justice have been expanded and updated to reflect the latestavailable research and resources. Ideal for criminal justice courses and an indispensable resource for scholars and school administrators, School Crime and Juvenile Justice, Second Edition, takes a closer look at the problem of crime and violence in and around schools. It offers a clear understanding of how people can worktogether to create safer schools and how educators and juvenile justice officials can develop cooperative delinquency prevention programs.

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School Crime and Juvenile Justice, Second Edition, examines the nature, extent, and causes of school crime and disruptive behavior, offering a comprehensive overview of this significant and growing problem. Drawing on numerous sources and on studies conducted over the past ten years, thesecond edition reviews the most up-to-date theori...

Richard Lawrence is at St. Cloud State University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:352 pages, 6.5 × 9.21 × 0.79 inPublished:May 10, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195172906

ISBN - 13:9780195172904

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgments1. Juvenile Crime in Society and in SchoolsPublic Views of Juvenile CrimeSome Historical PerspectiveMeasures of CrimePolice Measures of Juvenile CrimeJuvenile Court CasesSelf-Report MeasuresVictimization SurveysMeasuring School CrimeMeasures of School Crime and SafetyVictimization ReportsThe Effects of School Crime and ViolenceInternational Measures of School Crime and Violence2. Justice for JuvenilesHistorical Overview of Juvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice in AmericaThe "Child Savers" MovementThe First Juvenile CourtComparison of Juvenile and Criminal CourtLegal and Procedural Distinctions: Juvenile vs. Criminal JusticeChallenges and Changes in Juvenile JusticeU.S. Supreme Court DecisionsFederal and State Legislative ChangesCurrent Juvenile Justice Trends and Reforms3. Explaining Delinquency and School CrimeWhy study theories of crime and delinquency?Types of Crime TheoriesIndividual ExplanationsPsychological Explanations of DelinquencySocial Structure TheorySocial Process ExplanationsDevelopmental and Life-course TheoriesGeneral and Integrated TheoriesSocial Reaction Theories: Labeling and ConflictConflict TheoryFemale DelinquencyApplying Theories to School Crime and Justice4. Families, Peers, Gangs and DelinquencyThe FamilyChanges in Family and Parental RolesThe Family and DelinquencyDo Parents Cause Delinquency?Child Abuse and NeglectParents, School Problems and DelinquencyParents, School Problems and DelinquencyGangs and DelinquencyDrugs and Delinquency5. Dropout and DelinquencyPerspectives on Truancy and DropoutDefining and Measuring DropoutThe Extent of Absenteeism and DropoutFactors Associated with Dropping OutConsequences of Dropping OutTruancy, Dropout, and DelinquencyPolicy Implications of Delinquency and DropoutTruancy and Dropout Prevention Programs6. School Environment and School SafetySchool Crime: Community Problem or School Problem?The Public Schools as a Source of DelinquencySchool Tracking and DelinquencySchool Funding and Educational InequalitySchool Reform and At-Risk StudentsSchool Programs and Teaching StrategiesThe Role of Parents in School AchievementDo Schools Cause Failure--and Delinquency?School Climate and DisorderPolicy Implications for School Crime Prevention7. Explaining and Predicting School ViolenceIdentifying Youth at Risk of School ViolenceCriminal Profiling"Warning signs"Threat AssessmentThe Reliability and Validity of "Profiles" and "Warning Signs"A Theory of School ShootingsPreventing School Violence8. School Law and Students' RightsStudents' Rights in SchoolSchool Records and PrivacyFreedom of Speech and ExpressionConstitutional Due ProcessSuspension and ExpulsionCorporal PunishmentSearch and SeizureRulings on Types of School SearchesThe Exclusionary Rule and School SearchesSafe Schools: Required by Law?9. The Police and Juvenile CrimePolice Roles and ResponsibilitiesPolice Officers in SchoolsPolice and Juvenile OffendersPolice Decisions and Use of DiscretionPolice Diversion and Status OffendersAlternatives to Police Arrest and CustodyPolice and Juveniles' Legal RightsAre SRO's School Officials or Police Officials?Fingerprinting, Photographing, and Records10. The Juvenile CourtHistory and Development of the Juvenile CourtJuvenile Transfers to Adult CourtAre Juveniles Different from Adults?Do Juvenile Transfers Make a Difference?Current Juvenile Court Trends and Reforms11. Juvenile CorrectionsResidential Programs and Institutional CorrectionsHistory and Development of Juvenile CorrectionsCorrectional Institutions for JuvenilesOther Community ProgramsDisproportionate Minority ConfinementFrom Deinstitutionalization to "Get-Tough" PoliciesJuvenile Probation and Community CorrectionsIntermediate Sanctions in Juvenile CorrectionsReexamining Community Corrections ModelsEffectiveness of Juvenile CorrectionsJuvenile Corrections and Schools12. School-Based Delinquency PreventionCrime Control vs. Crime PreventionDefining Crime PreventionTheoretical Bases for School-Based Delinquency PreventionSome Directions for School Crime PreventionSchool Structure and ClimateClassroom Management and InstructionConflict Management and ResolutionAlternative SchoolsVocational and Employment ProgramsFederal Government Role in Delinquency PreventionSchool-Based Prevention: Some Model ProgramsRecommendations for Educators, Justice Officials, and PolicymakersReferencesAuthor IndexSubject Index