Schur Functions, Operator Colligations, and Reproducing Kernel Pontryagin Spaces by Daniel AlpaySchur Functions, Operator Colligations, and Reproducing Kernel Pontryagin Spaces by Daniel Alpay

Schur Functions, Operator Colligations, and Reproducing Kernel Pontryagin Spaces

byDaniel Alpay, Aad Dijksma, James Rovnyak

Paperback | October 16, 2012

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Generalized Schur functions are scalar- or operator-valued holomorphic functions such that certain associated kernels have a finite number of negative squares. This book develops the realization theory of such functions as characteristic functions of coisometric, isometric, and unitary colligations whose state spaces are reproducing kernel Pontryagin spaces. This provides a modern system theory setting for the relationship between invariant subspaces and factorization, operator models, Krein-Langer factorizations, and other topics. The book is intended for students and researchers in mathematics and engineering. An introductory chapter supplies background material, including reproducing kernel Pontryagin spaces, complementary spaces in the sense of de Branges, and a key result on defining operators as closures of linear relations. The presentation is self-contained and streamlined so that the indefinite case is handled completely parallel to the definite case.
Title:Schur Functions, Operator Colligations, and Reproducing Kernel Pontryagin SpacesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:232 pagesPublished:October 16, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3034898231

ISBN - 13:9783034898232


Table of Contents

1: Pontryagin Spaces and Operator Colligations.- 1.1 Reproducing kernel Pontryagin spaces.- 1.2 Operator colligations.- 1.3 Julia operators and contractions.- 1.4 Extension of densely defined linear relations.- 1.5 Complementation and reproducing kernels.- A. Complementation in the sense of de Branges.- B. Applications to reproducing kernel Pontryagin spaces.- 2: Schur Functions and their Canonical Realizations.- 2.1 Pontryagin spaces ?(S), ?($$ \widetilde{S} $$ ), and D(S).- 2.2 Canonical coisometric and isometric realizations.- 2.3 Canonical unitary realization.- 2.4 Unitary dilations of coisometric and isometric colligations.- 2.5 Classes SK(F,B).- A. Definition and basic properties.- B. Conformally invariant view.- C. Application to factorization of operator-valued functions.- D. A non-holomorphic kernel.- 3: The State Spaces.- 3.1 Invariance under difference quotients.- 3.2 Spaces ?(S).- 3.3 Spaces ?$$ \widetilde{S} $$.- 3.4 Spaces D(S).- 3.5 Examples and miscellaneous results.- A. Rational unitary functions.- B. Symmetry in the state spaces.- C. Some consequences of Leech's theorem.- D. The scalar case: S(z)? ?(S) if and only if $$ \widetilde{S} $$(z) ? ?($$ \widetilde{S} $$).- 4: Structural Properties.- 4.1 Factorization and invariant subspaces.- A. Inclusion of spaces ?(S).- B. Inclusion of spaces D (S).- 4.2 Kre?n-Langer factorization.- A. Existence and properties.- B. Strongly regular representations.- 4.3 The Potapov-Ginzburg transform.- 4.4 Applications to the realization theory.- A. Kre?n space inner and outer spaces F andB.- B. Other base points.- C. Examples.- 4.5 Canonical models.- Epilogue: Open Questions and Directions for Further Work.- Appendix: Some Finite-Dimensional Spaces.- Notes.- References.- Notation Index.- Author Index.