Science between Europe and Asia: Historical Studies on the Transmission, Adoption and Adaptation of Knowledge by Feza GünergunScience between Europe and Asia: Historical Studies on the Transmission, Adoption and Adaptation of Knowledge by Feza Günergun

Science between Europe and Asia: Historical Studies on the Transmission, Adoption and Adaptation of…

byFeza GünergunEditorDhruv Raina

Paperback | January 27, 2013

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This book explores the various historical and cultural aspects of scientific, medical and technical exchanges that occurred between central Europe and Asia. A number of papers investigate the printing, gunpowder, guncasting, shipbuilding, metallurgical and drilling technologies while others deal with mapping techniques, the adoption of written calculation and mechanical clocks as well as the use of medical techniques such as pulse taking and electrotherapy. While human mobility played a significant role in the exchange of knowledge, translating European books into local languages helped the introduction of new knowledge in mathematical, physical and natural sciences from central Europe to its periphery and to the Middle East and Asian cultures. The book argues that the process of transmission of knowledge whether theoretical or practical was not a simple and one-way process from the donor to the receiver as it is often admitted, but a multi-dimensional and complex cultural process of selection and transformation where ancient scientific and local traditions and elements. The book explores the issue from a different geopolitical perspective, namely not focusing on a singular recipient and several points of distribution, namely the metropolitan centres of science, medicine, and technology, but on regions that are both recipients and distributors and provides new perspectives based on newly investigated material for historical studies on the cross scientific exchanges between different parts of the world.
Title:Science between Europe and Asia: Historical Studies on the Transmission, Adoption and Adaptation of…Format:PaperbackDimensions:279 pages, 23.5 × 15.5 × 0.68 inPublished:January 27, 2013Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9400734646

ISBN - 13:9789400734647

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Table of Contents

Introduction, Feza Günergun, Dhruv RainaOn technologiesChristopher Cullen, Reflections on the transmission and transformation of technologies: Agriculture, printing and gunpowder between East and WestGabor Agoston, The Ottoman Empire and the technological dialogue between Europe and Asia: the case of military technology and know-how in the gunpowder ageKahraman Sakul, General observations on the Ottoman military industry, 1774-1839: Problems of organization and standardizationNanny Kim, Cultural attitudes and horse technologies: a view on chariots and stirrups from the eastern end of the Eurasian continentOn maps, astronomical instruments, clocks and calendarsSonja Brentjes, Patchwork - the norm of mapmaking practices for western Asia in Catholic and Protestant Europe as well as in Istanbul between 1550 and 1750? Feza Günergun, The Ottoman ambassador's curiosity coffer: Eclipse prediction with De La Hire's 'machine' crafted by Bion of ParisAtilla Bir, Sinasi Acar, Mustafa Kaçar, The clockmaker family Meyer and their watch keeping the alla turca timeTakehiko Hashimoto, The Adoption and adaptation of mechanical clocks in JapanPingyi Chu, Adoption and resistance: Zhang Yongjing and ancient chinese calendrical methodsOn localizing, appropriating and translating new knowledgeDhruv Raina, Travelling Both Ways: The Adaptation of Disciplines, Scientific Textbooks and InstitutionsMeltem Akbas, Between translation and adaptation: the Turkish editions of Ganot's TraitéManolis Patiniotis, Eclecticism and appropriation of the new scientific methods by the Greek-speaking scholars in the Ottoman EmpireOn medicine and medical practicesHarold J.Cook, Conveying Chinese medicine to 17th-century EuropeDeepak Kumar, Adoption and adaptation: a study of medical ideas and techniques in colonial IndiaAkiko Ito, How electricity energizes the body: Electrotherapeutics and its analogy of life in the Japanese medical contextHormoz Ebrahimnejad, What is 'Islamic' in Islamic medicine? An overview