Scientific Farm Animal Production: An Introduction by Robert W. TaylorScientific Farm Animal Production: An Introduction by Robert W. Taylor

Scientific Farm Animal Production: An Introduction

byRobert W. Taylor, Thomas G. Field

Hardcover | December 30, 2014

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A comprehensive, best-selling, science-based approach to building livestock and poultry management systems for food, fiber, and recreation.

 

With Scientific Farm Animal Production, students of animal agriculture get a comprehensive, science-based approach to building livestock and poultry management systems for food, fiber, and recreation. It effectively integrates the scientific disciplines that support livestock and poultry production with detailed information about the primary livestock species, appropriate management protocols, and the market forces that impact demand across the supply chain.

 

As a result of a comprehensive review by nearly 20 professionals, this new edition features increased clarity, depth and accuracy, including improved end-of-chapter questions; updated and enhanced figures and color photos; the latest demographic data; an expanded discussion of social and consumer issues; and an authoritative look at the trends, issues, and opportunities for animal agriculture. 

 

Title:Scientific Farm Animal Production: An IntroductionFormat:HardcoverDimensions:656 pages, 10.9 × 8.8 × 1.1 inPublished:December 30, 2014Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0133767205

ISBN - 13:9780133767209

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Table of Contents

1 Animal Contributions to Human Needs 1 
Contributions To Food Needs 1 
Contributions to Clothing and Other Nonfood Products 12 
Contributions to Work and Power Needs 13 
Animals for Companionship, Recreation, and Creativity 15 
Additional Animal Contributions 15 
Chapter Summary 15
 Key Words 16 
Review Questions 16 
Selected References 16 

2 An Overview of the Livestock and Poultry Industries 17 
U.S. Animal Industries: An Overview 17 
Cash Receipts 17 
World Trade 17 
Commodity Prices 18 
Biological Differences in Meeting Market Demand 20 
Beef Industry 20 
Global Perspective 20 
United States 23 
Cattle Production 23 
Cattle Feeding 26 
The Dairy Cattle Industry 28 
Global Perspective 28 
United States 30 
The Horse Industry 31 
Global Perspective 31 
United States 32 
The Poultry Industry 33 
Global Perspective 33 
United States 34 
The Sheep and Goat Industry 38 
Global Perspective 38 
United States 39 
Purebred Breeder 41 
Commercial Market Lamb Producers 42 
Commercial Feedlot Operator 42 
The Swine Industry 42 
Global Perspective 42 
United States 42 
Other Animal Industries 44 
Aquaculture 44 
Bison 45 
Elk 46 
Ostrich and Emu Farming and Ranching 46 
Llama and Alpaca Production 46 
Chapter Summary 47 
Key Words 47 
Review Questions 47 
Selected References 48 

3 Red Meat Products 49 
Production 49 
Processing 49 
Kosher and Muslim Meats 52 
Composition 53 
Physical Composition 53 
Chemical Composition 54 
Nutritional Considerations 55 
Nutritive Value 55 
Consumption 57 
Demand 59 
Marketing 59 
Chapter Summary 63 
Key Words 63 
Review Questions 64 
Selected References 64 

4 Poultry and Egg Products 65 
Poultry Meat and Egg Production 65 
Composition 66 
Meat 66 
Eggs 67 
Poultry Products 68 
Meat 68 
Eggs 69 
Feathers and Down 70 
Other Products and By-Products 70 
Nutrition Considerations 70 
Nutritive Value of Poultry Meat 70 
Nutritive Value of Eggs 70 
Consumption 72 
Meat 72 
Eggs 72 
Marketing 73 
Chapter Summary 76 
Key Words 76 
Review Questions 77 
Selected References 77 

5 Milk and Milk Products 78 
Milk Production 78 
Milk Composition 79 
Milk Fat 81 
Carbohydrates 82 
Proteins 82 
Vitamins 82 
Minerals 82 
Milk Products in the United States 82 
Fluid Milk 83 
Evaporated and Condensed Milk 85 
Dry Milk 85 
Fermented Dairy Products 85 
Cream 86 
Butter 86 
Cheese 87 
Ice Cream 89 
Eggnog 89 
Imitation Dairy Products 89 
Health Considerations 90 
Nutritive Value of Milk 90 
Wholesomeness 91 
Milk Processing 91 
Milk Intolerance 92 
Consumption 92 
Marketing 92 
World 92 
United States 93 
Prices 93 
Chapter Summary 94 
Key Words 94 
Review Questions 95 
Selected References 95 

6 Wool and Mohair 96 
Growth of Hair, Wool, and Mohair 96 
Factors Affecting the Value of Wool 99 
Classes and Grades of Wool 101 
Production of Wool and Mohair 102 
Wool Marketing 106 
Uses of Wool and Mohair 106 
Chapter Summary 108 
Key Words 108 
Review Questions 108 
Selected References 108 

7 By-Products of Meat Animals 109 
Edible By-Products 109 
Inedible By-Products 110 
The Rendering Industry 113 
Rendering of Red Meat Animal By-Products 114 
Rendering of Poultry By-Products 114 
Disposing of Dead Livestock 115 
Chapter Summary 117 
Key Words 117 
Review Questions 117 
Selected References 117 

8 Market Classes and Grades of Livestock, Poultry, and Eggs 118 
Market Classes and Grades of Red Meat Animals 118 
Slaughter Cattle 118 
Feeder Cattle 123 
Slaughter Swine 124 
Slaughter Sheep 126 
Feeder Lamb Grades 128 
Goat Grades 128 
Market Classes and Grades of Poultry Products 129 
Poultry Meat 129 
Eggs 130 
Chapter Summary 133 
Key Words 133 
Review Questions 133 
Selected References 134 

9 Visual Evaluation of Market Animals 135 
External Body Parts 136 
Location of the Wholesale Cuts in the Live Animal 136 
Visual Assessment of Livestock Carcass Composition 137 
Chapter Summary 145 
Key Words 146 
Review Questions 146 
Selected References 146 

10 Reproduction 147 
Terminology For Anatomical Positioning 147 
Female Organs of Reproduction and their Functions 147 
Ovaries 149 
The Oviducts 151 
The Uterus 151 
The Vagina 152 
The Clitoris 152 
Reproduction in Poultry Females 152 
Male Organs of Reproduction and Their Functions 154 
Testicles 155 
The Epididymis 157 
The Scrotum 157 
The Vas Deferens 158 
The Urethra 159 
Accessory Sex Glands 159 
The Penis 159 
Reproduction in Male Poultry 159 
Hormonal Control of Testicular and Ovarian Function 160 
Testicular Function 160 
Ovarian Function 160 
Estrous Cycle 162 
Seasonal Effects on Reproduction 163 
Pregnancy 164 
Parturition 166 
Chapter Summary 169 
Key Words 169 
Review Questions 169 
Selected References 170 

11 Artificial Insemination, Estrous Synchronization, and Embryo Transfer 171 
Semen Collecting and Processing 172 
Insemination of the Female 174 
Detecting Estrus 175 
Proper Insemination 176 
Estrous Synchronization 177 
Prostaglandin 178 
MGA and Prostaglandin 179 
Controlled Internal Drug Release (CIDR) 179 
Synchronization with Natural Service 180 
P.G. 600 180 
Embryo Transfer 180 
Cloning 182 
Sexed Semen 184 
Chapter Summary 184