Second Growth: The Promise Of Tropical Forest Regeneration In An Age Of Deforestation

Paperback | May 23, 2014

byRobin L. Chazdon

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For decades, conservation and research initiatives in tropical forests have focused almost exclusively on old-growth forests because scientists believed that these “pristine” ecosystems housed superior levels of biodiversity. With Second Growth, Robin L. Chazdon reveals those assumptions to be largely false, bringing to the fore the previously overlooked counterpart to old-growth forest: second growth.

Even as human activities result in extensive fragmentation and deforestation, tropical forests demonstrate a great capacity for natural and human-aided regeneration. Although these damaged landscapes can take centuries to regain the characteristics of old growth, Chazdon shows here that regenerating—or second-growth—forests are vital, dynamic reservoirs of biodiversity and environmental services. What is more, they always have been.

With chapters on the roles these forests play in carbon and nutrient cycling, sustaining biodiversity, providing timber and non-timber products, and integrated agriculture, Second Growth not only offers a thorough and wide-ranging overview of successional and restoration pathways, but also underscores the need to conserve, and further study, regenerating tropical forests in an attempt to inspire a new age of local and global stewardship.

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For decades, conservation and research initiatives in tropical forests have focused almost exclusively on old-growth forests because scientists believed that these “pristine” ecosystems housed superior levels of biodiversity. With Second Growth, Robin L. Chazdon reveals those assumptions to be largely false, bringing to the fore the pr...

Robin L. Chazdon is professor in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Connecticut and coeditor of Foundations of Tropical Forest Biology and Tropical Forest Plant Ecophysiology. She lives in Storrs, CT.

other books by Robin L. Chazdon

Tropical Forest Plant Ecophysiology
Tropical Forest Plant Ecophysiology

Hardcover|Jun 30 1996

$426.58 online$466.95list price(save 8%)
Format:PaperbackDimensions:472 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.3 inPublished:May 23, 2014Publisher:University Of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022611807X

ISBN - 13:9780226118079

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Preface

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1

Perceptions of Tropical Forests and Natural Regeneration

1.1    Viewing Forests as a Cycle

1.2    The Resilience of Tropical Forests

1.3    Forest Regeneration, Succession, and Forest Degradation

1.4    The Geographic Extent of Deforestation and Forest Regeneration across the Tropics

1.5    The Tropical Forests of the Future

Chapter 2

Ancient Human Legacies in Tropical Forest Landscapes

2.1    Overview

2.2    The Peopling of the Tropics

2.3    Impacts of Early Hunter-Gatherer Societies

2.4    The Development of Agriculture

2.5    Holocene Climate Variability, Forest Change, and Agricultural Expansion

2.6    Conclusion

Chapter 3

Landscape Transformation and Tropical Forest Regeneration through Prehistory

3.1    Overview

3.2    Earthworks and Landscape Transformations

3.3    Prehistoric Fires: Synergies between Natural and Human Causes

3.4    Ancient Soil Modifications

3.5    The Scale of Prehistoric Human Impacts in the Neotropics

3.6    Paleoecological Reconstruction of Tropical Forest Regeneration

3.7    Conclusion

Chapter 4

Tropical Forest Dynamics and Disturbance Regimes

4.1    Overview

4.2    Disturbance Regimes in Tropical Forest Regions

4.3    Gap Dynamics and the Forest Growth Cycle

4.4    Detection of Tropical Forest Disturbance

4.5    Are Old-Growth Tropical Forests Stable?

4.6    Conclusion

Chapter 5

Successional Pathways and Forest Transformations

5.1    Overview

5.2    Variability in Successional Pathways

5.3    Successional Stages and Species Classification

5.4    Forest Definitions and Concepts

5.5    Approaches to Studying Tropical Forest Succession

5.6    Conclusion

Chapter 6

Tropical Forest Succession on Newly Created Substrates

6.1    Overview

6.2    Biological Legacies and Local Resource Availability

6.3    Colonization and Succession on Landslides

6.4    Succession following Volcanic Eruptions

6.5    Riverbank Succession

6.6    Conclusion

Chapter 7

Forest Regeneration following Agricultural Land Uses

7.1    Overview

7.2    Effects of Land Use and Biological Legacies on Propagule Availability and Modes of Regeneration

7.3    Effects of Land Use on Site Quality and Resource Availability

7.4    Conclusion

Chapter 8

Forest Regeneration following Hurricanes and Fires

8.1    Overview

8.2    Hurricane Damage and Regeneration

8.3    Tropical Forest Regeneration after Single and Recurrent Fires

8.4    Conclusion

Chapter 9

Forest Regeneration following Selective Logging and Land-Use Synergisms

9.1    Overview

9.2    Harvesting Intensity, Forest Disturbance, and Postlogging Forest Regeneration

9.3    Effects of Logging on Animal Abundance and Diversity

9.4    Consequences of Land-Use Synergisms for Forest Regeneration

9.5    Conclusion

Chapter 10

Functional Traits and Community Assembly during Secondary Succession

10.1  Overview

10.2  Environmental Gradients during Succession

10.3  Successional Changes in Life-Form Composition

10.4  Functional Traits of Early and Late Successional Species

10.5  Environmental Filtering, Functional Diversity, and Community Assembly during Succession

10.6  A General Scheme for Community Assembly during Secondary Succession

10.7  Conclusion

Chapter 11

Recovery of Ecosystem Functions during Forest Regeneration

11.1  Overview

11.2  Loss of Nutrients and Carbon during Conversion of Forest to Agriculture

11.3  Accumulation of Carbon and Nutrients during Forest Regeneration

11.4  Nutrient Cycling and Nutrient Limitation

11.5  Hydrology and Water Balance

11.6  Conclusion

Chapter 12

Animal Diversity and Plant-Animal Interactions in Regenerating Forests

12.1  Overview

12.2  Animal Diversity in Regenerating Forests

12.3  Plant-Herbivore Interactions during Forest Regeneration

12.4  Seed Dispersal and Predation during Forest Regeneration

12.5  Pollination in Regenerating Forests

12.6  Conclusion

Chapter 13

Tropical Reforestation Pathways

13.1  Overview

13.2  Reforestation Goals and Decisions

13.3  Reforestation through Management of Forest Fallows

13.4  Ecological Forest Restoration in the Tropics

13.5  Recovery of Biodiversity during Reforestation

13.6  Recovery of Ecosystem Properties during Reforestation

13.7  Conclusion

Chapter 14

Regenerating Forests in Tropical Landscapes

14.1  Overview

14.2  Land-Use Transitions and Forest Transitions

14.3  The Landscape Context of Forest Regeneration

14.4  Socioecological Drivers of Tropical Reforestation

14.5  Enhancing Forest Regeneration and Human Livelihoods in the Landscape Matrix

14.6  Conclusion

Chapter 15

Synthesis: The Promise of Tropical Forest Regeneration in an Age of Deforestation

15.1  The Power of Forest Regeneration

15.2  Tropical Forest Change and Resilience

15.3  The Current and Future Value of Regenerating Tropical Forests

15.4  New Approaches to Promoting Forest Regeneration

References

Index

Editorial Reviews

“This book is a comprehensive treatment of our current understanding of the ecology of regrowth of forests after land clearance in the tropics. There is no one better than Chazdon to write such a volume and I suspect she has used this publication as a culmination of her own work over the last 20 years directly studying and observing the dynamics of second growth in Central America. . . . This book is excellent and the first of its kind to really synthesize the literature on regeneration and recovery of second growth forests. For this Chazdon has done a very good job. . . . A definitive textbook and a great effort. Chazdon is to be commended.”