Sedimentary Organic Matter: Organic facies and palynofacies by R. TysonSedimentary Organic Matter: Organic facies and palynofacies by R. Tyson

Sedimentary Organic Matter: Organic facies and palynofacies

byR. Tyson

Paperback | October 3, 2013

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A sound understanding of the global carbon cycle requires an appreciation of the various physico-chemical and biological processes that determine the production, distribution, deposition and diagenesis of organic matter in the natural environment. This book is a comprehensive interdisciplinary synthesis of this information, coupled with an organic facies approach based on data from both microscopy and bulk organic geochemistry.
Title:Sedimentary Organic Matter: Organic facies and palynofaciesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:615 pagesPublished:October 3, 2013Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401043183

ISBN - 13:9789401043182

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Table of Contents

Preface. Introduction: The importance of sedimentary organic matter. The nature of organic matter in sediments. Production and delivery flux of planktonic organic matter. Biological degradation and consumption of organic matter. Abundance of organic matter in sediments: TOC, hydrodynamic equivalence, dilution and flux effects. Organic matter preservation: the effects of oxygen deficiency. Origin and nature of the phytoclast group. Origin and nature of the amorphous group. Origin and nature of the palynomorph group, phytoplankton subgroup. Origin and nature of the zoomorph subgroup, and the origin, nature and distribution of the zooclast group. Distribution of the phytoclast group. Distribution of the amorphous group. Distribution of the palynomorph group: sporomorph subgroup. Distribution of the palynomorph group: phytoplankton subgroup, marine dinoflagellate cysts (dinocysts). Distribution of the palynomorph group: phytoplankton subgroup, marine prasinophyte phycomata. Distribution of the palynomorph group: phytoplankton subgroup, chlorococcale algae. Distribution of the palynomorph group: phytoplankton subgroup, acritarcha. Distribution of the palynomorph group: phytoplankton subgroup, cyanobacteria and rhodophyta. Distribution of the palynomorph group: zoomorph subgroup. Palynological kerogen classification. Bulk geochemical characterisation and classification of organic matter: elemental analysis and pyrolysis. Bulk geochemical characterisation and classification of organic matter: carbon:nitrogen ratios and lignin-derived phenols. Bulk geochemical characterisation and classification of organic matter: stable carbon isotopes. Palynofacies in a sequence stratigraphic context. Some practical aspects of palynofacies analysis. Appendices. Bibliography. Index.

Editorial Reviews

...'Encyclopedic'...As the author states in the preface, this work aims to fulfil the need for a synthesis of our current state of knowledge regarding 'the origin, early diagenesis, character, distribution and bulk geochemical composition of sedimentary organic matter' The aim has been acheived admirably...a timely addition for all those involved in the fields of palynological, sedimentological and environmental analyses and hydrocarbon exploration, and should successfully appeal to a wider audience of geological and environmental scientists, especially incoming research students. Sedimentary Organic Matter is surely destined to become a standard reference text for many years to come - Geoscientistn; ...certainly worth purchasing... - Geological Magazine