Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception

Paperback | March 22, 2007

byMohan Matthen

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Seeing, Doing, and Knowing is an original and comprehensive philosophical treatment of sense perception as it is currently investigated by cognitive neuroscientists. Its central theme is the task-oriented specialization of sensory systems across the biological domain. Sensory systems are automatic sorting machines; they engage in a process of classification. Human vision sorts and orders external objects in terms of a specialized, proprietary scheme of categories - colours, shapes, speeds and directions of movement, etc. This 'Sensory Classification Thesis'implies that sensation is not a naturally caused image from which an organism must infer the state of the world beyond; it is more like an internal communication, a signal concerning the state of the world issued by a sensory system, in accordance with internal conventions, for the use of anorganism's other systems. This is why sensory states are both easily understood and persuasive.Sensory classification schemes are purpose-built to serve the knowledge-gathering and pragmatic needs of particular types of organisms. They are specialized: a bee or a bird does not see exactly what a human does. The Sensory Classification Thesis helps clarify this specialization in perceptualcontent and supports a new form of realism about the deliverances of sensation: 'Pluralistic Realism' is based on the idea that sensory systems coevolve with an organism's other systems; they are not simply moulded to the external world. The last part of the book deals with reference in vision. Cognitive scientists now believe that vision guides the limbs by means of a subsystem that links up with the objects of physical manipulation in ways that bypass sensory categories. In a novel extension of this theory, Matthen argues that'motion-guiding vision' is integrated with sensory classification in conscious vision. This accounts for the quasi-demonstrative form of visual states: 'This particular object is red', and so on. He uses this idea to cast new light on the nature of perceptual objects, pictorial representation, andthe visual representation of space.

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Seeing, Doing, and Knowing is an original and comprehensive philosophical treatment of sense perception as it is currently investigated by cognitive neuroscientists. Its central theme is the task-oriented specialization of sensory systems across the biological domain. Sensory systems are automatic sorting machines; they engage in a pr...

Mohan Matthen is a Professor and Head of the Department of Philosophy at the University of British Columbia.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:384 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.83 inPublished:March 22, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199204284

ISBN - 13:9780199204281

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPart I: Classification1. The Sensory Classification Thesis2. Sensory Classification: the View from Psychology3. Sensory ConceptsPart II: Similarity4. The Sensory Ordering Thesis5. The Sources of Sensory SimilarityPart III: Specialization6. Perceptual Specialization and the Definition of Colour7. The Disunity of Colour8. Pluralistic RealismPart IV: Content9. Sensing and Doing10. Sense Experience11. The Semantic Theory of Colour ExperiencePart V: Reference12. Visual Objects13. Visual ReferenceConclusion

Editorial Reviews

`Review from previous edition 'Matthen is a first-class philosopher with an imposing command of the scientific literature. Even if one doesn't agree with the big picture he paints ... you will surely learn an enormous amount by watching him paint it ... The book ... bubbles with importantideas.' 'Fred Dretske, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews