Segmented Representation: Political Party Strategies in Unequal Democracies

Hardcover | May 17, 2014

byJuan Pablo Luna

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Millions of enfranchised people live in abject poverty in democracies around the world. Yet in representative democracies, the success or failure of political parties rests on their ability to effectively engage voters. In today's highly unequal and individualized societies, the diversity ofvoters along socioeconomic, religious, and other lines presents an obstacle for parties vying for electoral success. How, then, can widespread, crushing poverty still exist in stable democracies, if every citizen has a vote? Two wildly different parties, Chile's right-wing UDI and Uruguay'sleft-wing Frente Amplio, have achieved stunning victories in this supposedly inhospitable political landscape. They have done so by simultaneously segmenting and strategically harmonizing their linkages to distinct cross-sections of voters in each society. While that electoral strategy makes for awinning hand for parties in fragmented modern societies, it perpetuates the gross inequalities that characterize the social, political, and economic landscapes of the developing democratic world. This book develops a new analytical and conceptual framework to unveil and explain segmentedrepresentation, revealing new implications for democratic societies.Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. Volumes concentrate on the comparative study of the democratization process that accompanied the decline and termination of the cold war. The geographical focus of the series isprimarily Latin America, the Caribbean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and relevant experiences in Africa and Asia. The series editor is Laurence Whitehead, Official Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.

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Millions of enfranchised people live in abject poverty in democracies around the world. Yet in representative democracies, the success or failure of political parties rests on their ability to effectively engage voters. In today's highly unequal and individualized societies, the diversity ofvoters along socioeconomic, religious, and ot...

Juan Pablo Luna Farina is interested in the analysis of political parties and democratic representation, the political effects of inequality, and the nature of state institutions. In 2010 he co-authored the book Latin American Party Systems (Cambridge University Press). His dissertation research was awarded the 2008 Juan Linz Best Diss...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:403 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.01 inPublished:May 17, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199642648

ISBN - 13:9780199642649

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Segmented Electoral Appeals: A Descriptive Framework2. Patterns of Party-Voter Linkages in Chile and Uruguay: A Stylized Description of the Pre-1973 and Post-Transitional Periods3. Socioeconomic Segmentation of Party-Voter Linkages in Post-transitional Chile and Uruguay4. Territorial Segmentation of Party-Voter Linkages in Post-transitional Chile and Uruguay5. Strategic Harmonization of Segmented Linkages: The UDI and Frente Amplio in Comparative Perspective6. Causal Induction: Explaining Linkage Structures in Chile and Uruguay7. Plausibility Tests: Out-of-Sample Cases8. ConclusionBibliography