Segregation, Poverty, and Mortality in Urban African Americans by Anthony P. Polednak

Segregation, Poverty, and Mortality in Urban African Americans

byAnthony P. Polednak

Hardcover | February 1, 1997

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The potential impact of segregation on the health of African-Americans is an intriguing and controversial topic that draws from the areas of epidemiology and the social sciences. Epidemiologists have recently turned to the study of racism and health, but epidemiologic studies have not dealtspecifically with black-white segregation and health. This book examines mortality rates for African-Americans in selected U.S. urban areas in relation to both social class and the degree of black-white residential segregation. Despite allowances for economic disparity, mortality rates forAfrican-American infants and young adults are shown to be especially high in certain highly-segregated areas--a traditional indicator of low levels of social progress. Polednak includes previously unpublished analyses of the findings along with data from prior calendar years and the 1990 U.S. census. He uses the statistical method (multiple linear regression) to analyze poverty rates and levels of segregation amongst African-Americans. The author's discussion ofsocial and health issues fits within the framework of Swedish economist Gunnar Myrdal's "American dilemma" thesis that the American creed of egalitarianism, equal opportunity and freedom from discrimination remains unfulfilled. The conclusions are expected to foster interest, on behalf of bothepidemiologists and sociologists, in what may be termed the "epidemiology of American apartheid"--a specialized field of research with concrete relevance to social and health policy. Beside the book's primary audience--epidemiologists and public health practitioners--this volume is intended to appeal to sociologists, especially medical sociologists, who are likely to be familiar with segregation but not with its potential relevance to the health of African-Americans.Psychologists interested in racial discrimination are important potential collaborators with sociologists and epidemiologists in studies of the epidemiology of racial difference in health. Social workers, urban studies experts, and social and health policy-makers will find much relevant material inthis book as well. This work fits within the framework of Swedish economist Gunnar Myrdal's thesis that the American creed of equality of opportunity remains unfulfilled.

About The Author

Anthony P. Polednak, Ph.D., is Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor in the Department of Community Medicine and Health Care at the University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, and an epidemiologist with the Connecticut Department of Public Health at Hartford. He has numerous publications in the areas of public health and ca...

Details & Specs

Title:Segregation, Poverty, and Mortality in Urban African AmericansFormat:HardcoverDimensions:192 pages, 9.49 × 6.34 × 0.63 inPublished:February 1, 1997Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195111656

ISBN - 13:9780195111651

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Purpose and Plan2. "Social Race" and Black-White Segregation3. Poverty, Segregation, and "Concentration" Effects4. From Socioeconomic Epidemiology Toward the Epidemiology of American Apartheid5. Segregation and Poverty in Relation to Variation in Urban Black Mortality Rates6. Interpretations and Research Needs7. Some Issues in Social and Health PolicyAppendix

Editorial Reviews

"A well-conceptualized and thought-provoking book which should be of interest to anyone concerned with the complex relationship between race, inequality and health today."--Social Development Issues