Selected Topics in Approximation and Computation addresses the relationship between modern approximation theory and computational methods. The text is a combination of expositions of basic classical methods of approximation leading to popular splines and new explicit tools of computation,including Sinc methods, elliptic function methods, and positive operator approximation methods. It also provides an excellent summary of worst case analysis in information based complexity. It relates optimal computational methods with the theory of s-numbers and n-widths. It can serve as a textfor senior-graduate courses in computer science and applied mathematics, and also as a reference for professionals.