Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Hardcover | December 15, 2000

byMartin Ceadel

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Britain's semi-detached geographical position has helped to give it the world's strongest peace movement. Secure enough from invasions to be influenced by an idealistic approach to international relations (unlike most of Europe), yet too close to the continent for isolationism to be an option(as it was in the United States), the country has provided favourable conditions for those aspiring not merely to prevent war but to abolish it. The period from the Crimean War to the Second World War marked the British peace movement's age of maturity. In 1854, it was obliged for the first time to contest a decision - and moreover a highly popular one - to enter war. It survived the resulting adversity, and gradually rebuilt its positionas an accepted voice in public life, though by the end of the nineteenth century its leading associations such as the Peace Society were losing vitality as they gained respectability. Stimulated by the First World War into radicalizing and reconstructing itself through the formation of suchassociations as the Union of Democratic Control, the No-Conscription Fellowship, and the Fellowship of Reconciliation, the movement endured another period of unpopularity before enjoying unprecedented influence during the inter-war years, the era of the League of Nations Union, the Oxford Union's'King and country' debate, the Peace Ballot, and the Peace Pledge Union. Finally, however, Hitler discredited much of the agenda it had been promoting the previous century or more. This book is the first comprehensive and authoritative study of this subject. It covers all significant peace associations and campaigns and is based on an extensive use of archival as well as printed sources. Its subject matter is of relevance both to historians of nineteenth andtwentieth-century British politics and to specialists in international relations interested in the anti-realist tradition.

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Britain's semi-detached geographical position has helped to give it the world's strongest peace movement. Secure enough from invasions to be influenced by an idealistic approach to international relations (unlike most of Europe), yet too close to the continent for isolationism to be an option(as it was in the United States), the countr...

Martin Ceadel is at New College, Oxford.

other books by Martin Ceadel

The Origins of War Prevention: The British Peace Movement and International Relations 1730-1854
The Origins of War Prevention: The British Peace Moveme...

Hardcover|Apr 30 1999

$375.14 online$525.00list price(save 28%)
Format:HardcoverPublished:December 15, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199241171

ISBN - 13:9780199241170

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Rise, February 1795 - October 18513. Struggle, October 1851- December 18664. Recovery, January 1867 - May 18825. Relapse, June 1882 - August 18986. Quickening, August 1898 - August 19147. Reconstruction, August 1914 - December 19188. Revival, January 1919 - September 19319. Stimulation, September 1931 - December 193510. Polarization, January 1936 - March 193911. Retreat, March 1939 - August 194512. ConclusionAppendix One: National Peace CongressesAppendix Two: Peace AssociationsBIBLIOGRAPHY

Editorial Reviews

"...makes a definitive contribution in the field of peace studies." English Historical Review "The investigation is conducted with neurosurgical precision, and the result is a vastly learned and beautifully controlled survey." London Review of Books "No recent British writer has done more thanMartin Ceadel to clarify concepts and terminology in our thinking about peace and war...this book is not likely to be surpassed." War in History "Because his book combines analytical clarity with an attention to minute detail, Martin Ceadel has become the re-eminent historian of British peacemovements." Quaker History