Services and Employment: Explaining the U.S.-European Gap by Mary GregoryServices and Employment: Explaining the U.S.-European Gap by Mary Gregory

Services and Employment: Explaining the U.S.-European Gap

EditorMary Gregory

Hardcover | July 22, 2007

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Why is Europe's employment rate almost 10 percent lower than that of the United States? This "jobs gap" has typically been blamed on the rigidity of European labor markets. But inServices and Employment, an international group of leading labor economists suggests quite a different explanation. Drawing on the findings of a two-year research project that examined data from France, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States, these economists argue that Europe's 25 million "missing" jobs can be attributed almost entirely to its relative lack of service jobs. The jobs gap is actually a services gap. But,Services and Employmentasks, why does the United States consume services at such a greater rate than Europe?



Services and Employmentis the first systematic and comprehensive international comparison on the subject. Mary Gregory, Wiemer Salverda, Ronald Schettkat, and their fellow contributors consider the possible role played by differences in how certain services--particularly health care and education--are provided in Europe and the United States. They examine arguments that Americans consume more services because of their higher incomes and that American households outsource more domestic work. The contributors also ask whether differences between U.S. and European service sectors encapsulate fundamental trans-Atlantic differences in lifestyle choices.


In addition to the editors, the contributors include Victor Fuchs, William Baumol, Giovanni Russo, Adriaan Kalwij, Stephen Machin, Andrew Glyn, Joachin Möller, John Schmitt, Michel Sollogoub, Robert Gordon, and Richard Freeman.

Mary Gregoryis Deputy Head of the Department of Economics, Fellow, and Tutor at St Hilda's College, University of Oxford.Wiemer Salverdais Director of the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labor Studies at the University of Amsterdam.Ronald Schettkatis Professor of Economics at the University of Wuppertal in Germany. All three have publ...
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Title:Services and Employment: Explaining the U.S.-European GapFormat:HardcoverDimensions:240 pagesPublished:July 22, 2007Publisher:Princeton University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0691130868

ISBN - 13:9780691130866

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Table of Contents

Preface vii
Contributors ix
Introduction by Mary Gregory, Wiemer Salverda, and Ronald Schettkat 1
Chapter 1: The U.S.-European Gap in Service Employment and Demand: The Research Agenda by Wiemer Salverda and Ronald Schettkat 15
Chapter 2: Reflections on the Rise of Service Sector Employment by Victor R. Fuchs 42
Chapter 3: On Mechanisms Underlying the Growing Share of Service Employment in the Industrialized Economies by William J. Baumol 63
Chapter 4: Do Demand Differences Cause the U.S.-European Employment Gap? by Mary Gregory and Giovanni Russo 81
Chapter 5: Comparative Service Consumption in Six Countries by Adriaan S. Kalwij and Stephen Machin with Laura Blow, Marijke van Deelen, François Gardes, Maria-José Luengo-Prado, Javier Ruiz-Castillo, John Schmitt, and Christophe Starzec 109
Chapter 6: Employment Differences in Distribution: Wages, Productivity, and Demand by Andrew Glyn, Joachim Möller, Wiemer Salverda, John Schmitt, and Michel Sollogoub 141
Chapter 7: Why Was Europe Left at the Station When America's Productivity Locomotive Departed? by Robert J. Gordon 176
Chapter 8: Can Marketization of Household Production Explain the Jobs Gap Puzzle? by Richard B. Freeman 198
Chapter 9: Service Included? Services and the U.S.-European Employment Gap by Mary Gregory, Wiemer Salverda, and Ronald Schettkat 217
Bibliography 231
List of DEMPATEM Working Papers 241
Index 243

Editorial Reviews

"This excellent book deals with an important and interesting topic-the employment gap between Europe and the United States. It provides a broad and balanced analysis of the labor market situation in Europe and the United States by bringing to light interesting features of the service industry that economists have tended to overlook."-Thorvaldur Gylfason, University of Iceland