Settler Society in the Australian Colonies: Self-Government and Imperial Culture

Hardcover | April 5, 2015

byAngela Woollacott

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The 1820s to the 1860s were a foundational period in Australian history, arguably at least as important as Federation. Industrialization was transforming Britain, but the southern colonies were pre-industrial, with economies driven by pastoralism, agriculture, mining, whaling and sealing,commerce, and the construction trades. Convict transportation provided the labour on which the first settlements depended before it was brought to a staggered end, first in New South Wales in 1840 and last in Western Australia in 1868. The numbers of free settlers rose dramatically, surging from the 1820s and again during the 1850s gold rushes. The convict system increasingly included assignment to private masters and mistresses, thus offering settlers the inducement of unpaid labourers as well as the availability of land on ascale that both defied and excited the British imagination. By the 1830s schemes for new kinds of colonies, based on Edward Gibbon Wakefield's systematic colonization, gained attention and support. The pivotal development of the 1840s-1850s, and the political events which form the backbone of thisstory were the Australian colonies' gradual attainment of representative and then responsible government. Through political struggle and negotiation, in which Australians looked to Canada for their model of political progress, settlers slowly became self-governing. But these political developments were linked to the frontier violence that shaped settlers' lives and became accepted as part of respectablemanhood. With narratives of individual lives, Settler Society shows that women's exclusion from political citizenship was vigorously debated, and that settlers were well aware of their place in an empire based on racial hierarchies and threatened by revolts. Angela Woollacott particularly focuses on settlers' dependence in these decades on intertwined categories of unfree labour, including poorly-compensated Aborigines and indentured Indian and Chinese labourers, alongside convicts.

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The 1820s to the 1860s were a foundational period in Australian history, arguably at least as important as Federation. Industrialization was transforming Britain, but the southern colonies were pre-industrial, with economies driven by pastoralism, agriculture, mining, whaling and sealing,commerce, and the construction trades. Convict t...

Angela Woollacott teaches and supervises in the fields of Australian and British Empire history, gender, settler colonialism, transnational history, and biography. Her books include On Her Their Lives Depend: Munitions Workers in the Great War (1994); To Try Her Fortune in London: Australian Women, Colonialism and Modernity (2001); Ge...

other books by Angela Woollacott

Format:HardcoverDimensions:240 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.76 inPublished:April 5, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199641803

ISBN - 13:9780199641802

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Settler Family Networks, Imperial Connections2. Systematic Colonization: From South Australia to Australind3. Settler Men as Masters of Labour: Convicts and Nonwhite Workers4. Responsible Government in Imperial Context5. Settler Women, Work and Debating the Gender of Citizenship6. Frontier Violence and Political Manhood7. The Australian Colonies and Imperial Crises: The Indian 'Mutiny' and the 'Maori Wars'Conclusion