Seventeenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Proceedings as Volumes 57 and 58 of Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology by Charles E. WymanSeventeenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Proceedings as Volumes 57 and 58 of Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology by Charles E. Wyman

Seventeenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Proceedings as Volumes 57 and 58 of…

EditorCharles E. Wyman, Brian H. Davison

Hardcover | June 1, 1996

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In the Seventeenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, leading researchers from academia, industry, and government present state-of-the-art papers on how bioengineering can be used to produce fuels and chemicals competitively. This year's program covered topics in thermal, chemical, and biological processing; applied biological processing; bioprocessing research; process economics and commercialization; and environmental biotechnology. The ideas and techniques described will play an important role in developing new biological processes for producing fuels and chemicals on a large scale, and in reducing pollution, waste disposal problems, and the potential for global climate change.
Title:Seventeenth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Proceedings as Volumes 57 and 58 of…Format:HardcoverDimensions:1060 pagesPublished:June 1, 1996Publisher:Humana PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0896034747

ISBN - 13:9780896034747

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Table of Contents

Session 1-Thermal, Chemical, and Biological Processing.- to Session 1.- Design and Initial Operation of a High-Solids, Pilot-Scale Reactor for Dilute-Acid Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass.- Downstream Processing of Acetate Fermentation Broths by Nanofiltration.- Chemical Interactions Between Aqueous and Organic Phases in a Reactive Extraction Process.- Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Starch After Extraction of Corn Oil with Ethanol.- Pretreatment of Sugar Cane Bagasse Hemicellulose Hydrolysate for Xylitol Production by Yeast.- The Effect of External Reflux on the Foam Fractionation of Proteins.- Biosorption of Precious Metal Ions by Chicken Feather.- The Effect of Fermentation (Retting) Time and Harvest Time on Kudzu (Puerarialoba ta) Fiber Strength.- Optimization of Reverse-Flow, Two-Temperature, Dilute-Acid Pretreatment to Enhance Biomass Conversion to Ethanol..- Sorptive Recovery of Dilute Ethanol from Distillation Column Bottoms Stream.- Ammonia Recycled Percolation Process for Pretreatment of Herbaceous Biomass.- Kinetic and Modeling Investigation on Two-Stage Reverse-Flow Reactor as Applied to Dilute-Acid Pretreatment of Agricultural Residues.- Fractionation of Herbaceous Biomass by Ammonia-Hydrogen Peroxide Percolation Treatment.- Conversion of Lignocellulosics Pretreated with Liquid Hot Water to Ethanol.- Pretreatment of Sugarcane Bagasse for Enhanced Ruminai Digestion.- Measurement of the Inhibitory Potential and Detoxification of Biomass Pretreatment Hydrolysate for Ethanol Production-Scientific Note.- Session 2-Applied Biological Research.- to Session 2.- Ethanolic Fermentation of Lignocellulose Hydrolysates: A Minireview.- Peculiarities of the Regulation of Fermentation and Respiration in the Crabtree-Negative, Xylose-Fermenting Yeast Pichia stipitis.- Inactivation of an Aldehyde/Alcohol Dehydrogenase Gene from Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824.- Manipulation of Microalgal Lipid Production Using Genetic Engineering.- Screening for L-Arabinose Fermenting Yeasts.- Microbial Conversion of Synthesis Gas Components to Useful Fuels and Chemicals.- Saccharification of Native Sugar Cane Bagasse Pith by the Cross-Synergistic Action of Cellulases from Penicillium sp. CH-M-001 and A. terreus CH-M-013.- Increased Xylose Reductase Activity in the Xylose-Fermenting Yeast Pichia stipitis by Overexpression of XYL1.- The Relationship Between Growth Enhancement and pet Expression in Escherichia coli.- Factors Contributing to the Loss of Ethanologenicity of Escherichia coli B Recombinants pL0I297 and KO11.- Studies on Nutrient Requirements and Cost-Effective Supplements for Ethanol Production by Recombinant E. coli.- Coal-Induced Enhancement of Ethanol and Biomass Production.- Bioconversion of Rice Straw Hemicellulose Hydrolysate for the Production of Xylitol: Effect of pH and Nitrogen Source.- Production of Cellulases and Xylanases by Trichoderma viride and Biological Processing of Lignocellulose and Recycled Paper Fibers.- Factors Affecting Polyhydroxybutyrate Biosynthesis in the Marine Photosynthetic Bacterium Rhodopseudomonas sp. Strain W-1S.- Acquisition of the Ability to Grow Under Autotrophic Conditions by Heterotrophic Bacteria Through the Introduction of DNA Fragments from Hydrogen-Oxidizing Bacteria.- Production, Characterization, and Application of the Cellulase-Free Zylanase from Aspergillus niger.- Fermentation of Orange Peel Hydrolysates by Ethanologenic Escherichia coli: Effects of Nutritional Supplements.- Cloning and Expression of Full-Length Trichoderma reesei Cellobiohydrolase I cDNAs in Escherichia coli.- Ethanol Production from Cellulose by Two Lignocellulolytic Soil Fungi.- Hexokinase Production from S. cerevisiae: Culture Conditions.- Culture of the Astaxanthinogenic Yeast Phaffia rhodozyma in Low-Cost Media.- Effect of Culture Conditions on Xylitol Production by Candida guilliermondii FTI 20037-Scientific Note.- Session 3-Bioprocessing Research.- to Session 3.- Production of Cellulase in Solid-State Fermentation with Trichoderma reesei MCG 80 on Wheat Straw.- Detailed Material Balance and Ethanol Yield Calculations for the Biomass-to-Ethanol Conversion Process.- Production of Cellulase Systems by Selected Mutants of Trichoderma reesei in Solid-State Fermentation and Their Hydrolytic Potentials.- Recovery and Purification of Lactic Acid from Fermentation Broth by Adsorption.- Production of L-Malic Acid from Fumaric Acid by Resting Cells of Brevibacterium sp..- Solid-State Production of Ethanol from Sorghum.- Continuous and Simultaneous Fermentation and Recovery of Lactic Acid in a Biparticle Fluidized-Bed Bioreactor.- Evaluation of Nitrogen Supplements for Bioconversion of Municipal Solid Waste to Lactic Acid.- Dynamics of the Immobilization of Anaerobic Meshopilic Bacteria on a Plastic Support.- Continuous Alcoholic Fermentation Process in a Tower Reactor with Recycling of Flocculating Yeast.- Aerobic Immobilized Cells in Alginate Gel Particles of Variable Density.- Effect of Corn Steep Liquor on Fermentation of Mixed Sugars by Candida shehatae FPL -702.- Bioprocessing of Sweet Sorghum with In Situ- Produced Enzymes.- Influence of the Production of Two Lipopeptides, Iturin A and Surfactin S1, on Oxygen Transfer During Bacillus subtilis Fermentation.- Hydrodynamics of Bioreactor Systems for Liquid-Liquid Contacting.- Improvement of Productivity of Yeast Cell with a Novel Airlift Loop Reactor.- Cellulose Degradation and Ethanol Production by Thermophilic Bacteria Using Mineral Growth Medium.- Difructose Anhydride-Forming Bacterial Inulinase II and Fructogenic Fungal Inulinase I: Free and Immobilized Forms.- Modeling Cassava Starch Saccharification with Amyloglucosidase.- Lactic Acid Fermentation and Adsorption on PVP.- The Effect of Biotin on the Production of Succinic Acid by Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens-Scientific Note.- Modeling Scale-Up Effects on a Small Pilot-Scale Fluidized-Bed Reactor for Fuel Ethanol Production -Scientific Note.- Development of an Epi-Fluorescence Assay for Monitoring Yeast Viability and Pretreatment Hydrolysate Toxicity in the Presence of Lignocellulosic Solids-Scientific Note.- Biochemical Processing of Heavy Oils and Residuum-Scientific Note.- Session 4-Process Economics and Commercialization.- to Session 4.- Commercialization of Biomass Ethanol Technology: Feasibility Studies for Biomass-to-Ethanol Production Facilities.- Hydrogen Production by Photosynthetic Microorganisms.- Ethanol Production from Spent Sulfite Liquor Fortified by Hydrolysis of Pulp Mill Primary Clarifier Sludge.- Use of KLa as a Criterion for Scaling Up the Inulinase Fermentation Process.- A Techno-Economic Assessment of the Pretreatment and Fractionation Steps of a Biomass-to-Ethanol Process.- South Coast Air-Quality Management District (SCAQMD): The Permitting and Commercialization of Landfill Gas-Based Methanol Production Facilities.- Likely Features and Costs of Mature Biomass Ethanol Technology.- Alternative Energy Sources and Technologies for the Pulp and Paper Industry.- Session 5-Environmental Biotechnology.- to Session 5.- Reactor Comparisons for the Biodegradation of Thiodiglycol, a Product of Mustard Gas Hydrolysis.- A Case Study of the Natural Attenuation of Gas Condensate Hydrocarbons in Soil and Groundwater.- Biodegradation of Mixed Wastes in Continuously Operated Cyclic Reactors.- Mechanisms of Intrinsic Bioremediation of Gas Condensate Hydrocarbons in Saturated Soil.- Effect of Temperature and Yeast Extract on Microbial Respiration of Sediments from a Shallow Coastal Subsurface and Vadose Zone.- Operation of a Novel Anaerobic Biofilter for Treating Food-Processing Wastewater.- Effects of a Heavy Metal (Zinc) on Organic Adsorption Capacity and Organic Removal in Activated Sludge.- Filamentous Growth in Activated Sludge.- Application of Sorbent Obtained by Pyrolysis of Sewage Sludge for Biological Treatment of Waste Water.- The Effect of Antibiotics on Nitrification Processes: Batch Assays.- Frequency Response of the Glucose Sensor Based on Immobilized Glucose Oxidase Membrane.- Sequential Anaerobic-Aerobic Biodegradation of PCBs in Soil Slurry Microcosms.- Perchloroethylene Utilization by Methanogenic Fed-Batch Cultures: Acclimation and Degradation.- Influence of Media on Measurement of Bacterial Populations in the Subsurface: Numbers and Diversity.- Effect of Perchloroethylene (PCE) on Methane and Acetate Production by a Methanogenic Consortium.- Enhancement of Fe(III), Co(III), and Cr(VI) Reduction at Elevated Temperatures and by a Thermophilic Bacterium.- Microbial Control of Hydrogen Sulfide Production in a Porous Medium.- Biotreatment of Refinery Spent Sulfidic Caustic by Specialized Cultures and Acclimated Activated Sludge.- Production of Sulfur from Gypsum as an Industrial Byproduct.- Estimating Biodegradative Gene Numbers at a JP-5 Contaminated Site Using PCR.- Pretreatment Technology for the Beneficial Biological Reuse of Municipal Sewage Sludges.- Microbial Reduction of Sulfur Dioxide in Immobilized, Mixed Cultures of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria with Sewage Digest as Carbon and Energy Source-Scientific Note.- An Economic Analysis of Microbial Reduction of Sulfur Dioxide with Anaerobically Digested Sewage Biosolids as Electron Donor-Scientific Note.- Immobilization of a Sulfide-Oxidizing Bacterium in a Novel Adsorbent Biocatalyst Support- Scientific Note.- Author Index.