Sex Trafficking in the United States: Theory, Research, Policy, and Practice

Paperback | August 23, 2016

byAndrea J. Nichols

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Sex Trafficking in the United States is a unique exploration of the underlying dynamics of sex trafficking. This comprehensive volume examines the common risk factors for those who become victims, and the barriers they face when they try to leave. It also looks at how and why sex traffickers enter the industry. A chapter on buyers presents what we know about their motivations, the prevalence of bought sex, and criminal justice policies that target them. Sex Trafficking in the United States describes how the justice system, activists, and individuals can engage in advocating for victims of sex trafficking. It also offers recommendations for practice and policy and suggestions for cultural change.

Andrea J. Nichols approaches sex-trafficking-related theories, research, policies, and practice from neoliberal, abolitionist, feminist, criminological, and sociological perspectives. She confronts competing views of the relationship between pornography, prostitution, and sex trafficking, as well as the contribution of weak social institutions and safety nets to the spread of sex trafficking. She also explores the link between identity-based oppression, societal marginalization, and the risk of victimization. She clearly accounts for the role of race, ethnicity, immigrant status, LGBTQ identities, age, sex, and intellectual disability in heightening the risk of trafficking and how social services and the criminal justice and healthcare systems can best respond. This textbook is essential for understanding the mechanics of a pervasive industry and curbing its spread among at-risk populations.

Please visit our supplemental materials page (https://cup.columbia.edu/extras/supplement/sex-trafficking-united-states) to find teaching aids, including PowerPoints, access to a test bank, and a sample syllabus.

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Sex Trafficking in the United States is a unique exploration of the underlying dynamics of sex trafficking. This comprehensive volume examines the common risk factors for those who become victims, and the barriers they face when they try to leave. It also looks at how and why sex traffickers enter the industry. A chapter on buyers pre...

Andrea J. Nichols is a Carnegie Award-winning professor of sociology at St. Louis Community College at Forest Park and lecturer and anti-trafficking initiative coordinator at Washington University in St. Louis. She is the author of Feminist Advocacy: Gendered Organizations in Community-Based Responses to Domestic Violence (2013) and, ...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:336 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.68 inPublished:August 23, 2016Publisher:Columbia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:023117263X

ISBN - 13:9780231172639

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Table of Contents

Part I. Contemporary Debates of Theory, Research, and Policy1. Sex Trafficking: An IntroductionDefining Sex Trafficking: Key LegislationDefining Sex Trafficking: Common MisconceptionsSex Trafficking PrevalenceSupply, Demand, and ProfitabilityChapter SummaryChapter OverviewsUse of TermsDiscussion Questions2. Theoretical Perspectives and the Politics of Sex TraffickingFeminist PerspectivesPolitical PerspectivesOverlapping Feminist and Political PerspectivesSociological PerspectivesCriminological PerspectivesChapter SummaryDiscussion Questions3. PornographyThe Politics of PornographyKey Areas of Pornography Debates and Sex TraffickingChild Pornography as Sex TraffickingChapter SummaryDiscussion Questions4. ProstitutionFeminist Perspectives of ProstitutionModels of Prostitution PolicyHow Do These Debates Relate to Sex Trafficking in the United States?Chapter SummaryDiscussion QuestionsPart II. The Dynamics of Sex Trafficking in the United States5. SurvivorsRisk Factors: Identity-Based OppressionRisk Factors: Weak Social InstitutionsRecruitmentBarriers to LeavingChapter SummaryDiscussion Questions6. TraffickersTypes of TraffickersWho Are They, and Why Do They Do It?The Glorification of Pimping in Pop CultureChapter SummaryDiscussion Questions7. Sex Trafficking OperationsVenues for Trafficking and Commercial Sexual ExploitationTechnology as a Trafficking ToolInterstate CircuitsInternational Trafficking MovementMeeting the DemandStructure of Trafficking OperationsChapter SummaryDiscussion Questions8. BuyersResearch on BuyersBuyers of Prostitution and Sex Trafficking Are IndistinctDemographics of BuyersContinuum of Buyer MotivationsAddressing Demand: Structural Responses Targeting BuyersBuyers Avoiding DetectionChapter SummaryDiscussion QuestionsPart III. Responses to Sex Trafficking9. Criminal Justice System ResponsesU.S. Federal Law: The Trafficking Victims Protection ActState LawIdentificationCriminalizing Trafficking SurvivorsChapter SummaryDiscussion Questions10. Social Services and Health Care ResponsesIdentificationHealth Care SettingsSocial Service SettingsBarriers to Accessing ServicesAftercarePromising PracticesChapter SummaryDiscussion Questions11. The Anti-Sex Trafficking Movement in the United States"The Roots" of Grassroots Antitrafficking OrganizationsThe Hotel IndustryThe Transportation IndustryPolitical ActivismMedia SupportInternational Organizations Operating in the United StatesChapter SummaryDiscussion Questions12. New DirectionsCriminal Justice System RecommendationsEducation and AwarenessRecommendations for Social Service ProvisionOutreach and PreventionSocietal IssuesWhat Can We Do?What's Your Green Dot?Discussion QuestionsNotesReferencesIndex

Editorial Reviews

A well-organized introduction to the landscape of sex trafficking in the United States that addresses the complexity of the issue, the competing narratives, and some of the challenges faced by survivors.