Shaping Our Selves: On Technology, Flourishing, and a Habit of Thinking by Erik ParensShaping Our Selves: On Technology, Flourishing, and a Habit of Thinking by Erik Parens

Shaping Our Selves: On Technology, Flourishing, and a Habit of Thinking

byErik Parens

Paperback | October 15, 2016

Pricing and Purchase Info


Earn 138 plum® points

Prices and offers may vary in store


Ships within 1-3 weeks

Ships free on orders over $25

Not available in stores


When bioethicists debate the use of technologies like surgery and pharmacology to shape our selves, they are, ultimately, debating what it means for human beings to flourish. They are debating what makes animals like us truly happy, and whether the technologies at issue will bring us closer toor farther from such happiness. The positions that participants adopt in debates regarding such ancient and fundamental questions are often polarized, and cannot help but be deeply personal. It is no wonder that the debates are sometimes acrimonious. How, then, should critics of and enthusiasts about technologicalself-transformation move forward?Based on his experience at the oldest free-standing bioethics research institute in the world, Erik Parens proposes a habit of thinking, which he calls "binocular." As our brains integrate slightly different information from our two eyes to achieve depth of visual perception, we need to try tointegrate greatly different insights on the two sides of the debates about technologically shaping our selves-if depth of intellectual understanding is what we are after. Binocular thinking lets us benefit from the insights that are visible from the stance of the enthusiast, who emphasizes thatusing technology to creatively transform our selves will make us happier, and to benefit from the insights that are visible from the stance of the critic, who emphasizes that learning to let our selves be will make us happier. Parens observes that in debates as personal as these, we all-critics and enthusiasts alike-give reasons that we are partial to. In the throes of our passion to make our case, we exaggerate our insights and all-too-often fall into the conceptual traps that language sets for us. Foolishly, we makeconceptual choices that no one who truly wanted understanding would accept: Are technologies value-free or value-laden? Are human beings by nature creators or creatures? Is disability a medical or a social phenomenon? Indeed, are we free or determined? Parens explains how participating in thesedebates for two decades helped him articulate the binocular habit of thinking that is better at benefiting from the insights in both poles of those binaries than was the habit of thinking he originally brought to the debates. Finally, Parens celebrates that bioethics doesn't aspire only to deeper thinking, but also to better acting. He embraces not only the intellectual aspiration to think deeply about meaning questions that don't admit of final answers, but also the ethical demand to give clear answers to practicalquestions. To show how to respect both that aspiration and that demand, the book culminates in the description of a process of truly informed consent, in the context of one specific form of using technology to shape our selves: families making decisions about appearance normalizing surgeries forchildren with atypical bodies.
Erik Parens is a senior research scholar at The Hastings Center, a bioethics research institute in Garrison, NY. He is also a member of the Center for Research on Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Psychiatric, Neurologic and Behavioral Genetics at Columbia University, and a Fellow of the Center for Neuroscience and Society at ...
Title:Shaping Our Selves: On Technology, Flourishing, and a Habit of ThinkingFormat:PaperbackDimensions:216 pages, 8.23 × 5.47 × 0.03 inPublished:October 15, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019064589X

ISBN - 13:9780190645892

Look for similar items by category:


Editorial Reviews

"Shaping Our Selves would make a great introductory book for any clinician, student, or layperson who is trying to make sense of contemporary debates on biomedical technologies. The book covers wide ground, and will help develop a habit of thinking that approaches ethical dilemmas withopenness and humility . His book is very personal, at times almost poetic; I think it is destined to become a classic." --Tom Shakespeare, The Lancet