Shifting States in Global Markets: Subnational Industrial Policy in Contemporary Brazil and Spain

Paperback | June 18, 2004

byAlfred P. Montero

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Shifting States in Global Markets contributes to the debates over the political economy of globalization by focusing attention on the increasingly important role of subnational governments in implementing economic policies. Challenging the view that the effects of decentralization are positive or negative uniformly and can be explained by reference to the influence of national political institutions, Alfred Montero uses his comparisons of industrial policy in Brazil and Spain, and between different regions in these countries, to argue that we need to pay attention to political conditions at the subnational level to account for the variation in economic success between regions.

Two crucial conditions are emphasized in Montero’s analysis: how much competition there is among political elites within any region, and how much competition there is between regions for scarce fiscal resources. Lower competition among elites leads to subnational governments delegating more autonomy to public agencies to develop ties with private businesses favoring allocative efficiency and innovation; higher competition between regions provides incentives for political leaders to support involvement in economic development efforts by a greater variety of public agencies, whose cooperation and mutual trust over time create the conditions for long-term success in these efforts. This analysis gives us a much more nuanced understanding of how countries are experiencing the challenges of globalization today.

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Shifting States in Global Markets contributes to the debates over the political economy of globalization by focusing attention on the increasingly important role of subnational governments in implementing economic policies. Challenging the view that the effects of decentralization are positive or negative uniformly and can be explained...

Alfred P. Montero is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Carleton College.

other books by Alfred P. Montero

Format:PaperbackDimensions:272 pages, 8.96 × 5.98 × 0.78 inPublished:June 18, 2004Publisher:Penn State University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0271025298

ISBN - 13:9780271025292

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Contents

List of Tables and Figures

Acknowledgments

List of Abbreviations

1. Introduction: The Political Origins of Synergy

2. Dual Transitions in Spain and Brazil

3. Remaking Industrial Policy in Minas Gerais

4. Designing Reindustrialization in the Principado de Asturias

5. Populist Government and Industrial Policymaking in Rio de Janeiro and Andalusia

6. Conclusions: Shifting States in Comparative Perspective

Appendix A: Spanish Interviews

Appendix B: Brazilian Interviews

Bibliography

Index

Editorial Reviews

“This is an important book. Based on extensive research on Brazil’s and Spain’s subnational governments from the 1970s to the 1990s, Alfred Montero develops a number of relevant contributions to the field of comparative political economy, not to mention to the knowledge of those countries’ recent politico-economic trajectories.”

—Eduardo Gomes, Latin American Politics and Society