Shooting Up: A Short History of Drugs and War by Lukasz KamienskiShooting Up: A Short History of Drugs and War by Lukasz Kamienski

Shooting Up: A Short History of Drugs and War

byLukasz Kamienski

Hardcover | February 25, 2016

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Shooting Up: A Short History of Drugs and War examines how intoxicants have been put to the service of states, empires and their armies throughout history. Since the beginning of organized combat, armed forces have prescribed drugs to their members for two general purposes: to enhanceperformance during combat and to counter the trauma of killing and witnessing violence after it is over. Stimulants (e.g. alcohol, cocaine, and amphetamines) have been used to temporarily create better soldiers by that improving stamina, overcoming sleeplessness, eliminating fatigue, and increasingfighting spirit. Downers (e.g. alcohol, opiates, morphine, heroin, marijuana, barbiturates) have also been useful in dealing with the soldier's greatest enemy - shattered nerves. Kamienski's focuses on drugs "prescribed" by military authorities, but also documents the widespread unauthorised consumption by soldiers themselves. Combatants have always treated with various drugs and alcohol, mainly for recreational use and as a reward to themselves for enduring the constanttension of preparing for. Although not officially approved, such "self-medication" is often been quietly tolerated by commanders in so far as it did not affect combat effectiveness. This volume spans the history of combat from the use of opium, coca, and mushrooms in pre-modern warfare to the efforts of modern militaries, during the Cold War in particular, to design psychochemical offensive weapons that can be used to incapacitate rather than to kill the enemy. Along the way,Kamienski provides fascinating coverage of on the European adoption of hashish during Napolean's invasion of Egypt, opium use during the American Civil War, amphetamines in the Third Reich, and the use of narcotics to control child soldiers in the rebel militias of contemporary Africa.
Lukasz Kamienski is Lecturer in Political Science at the Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora at Jagiellonian University, Poland.
Title:Shooting Up: A Short History of Drugs and WarFormat:HardcoverDimensions:408 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:February 25, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190263474

ISBN - 13:9780190263478

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPrologue1. Pharmacologically enhanced militaries2. AlcoholAn empire built on rumThe vodka ethosTotal war in the mist of prohibitionThe Second World WarAlcohol and soldiering since 1945Part One: from pre-modern times to the end of the Second World War1. Pre-modern times: opium, hashish, mushrooms and cocaHomer, a miracle drink of oblivion and lotusThe assassins and the archetype of non-Western intoxicated warrior/terroristThe mushroom eatersThe Incas and energising coaCoca and the seige of La Paz2. Napoleon in Egypt and the adventures of the Europeans with hashish3. The opium warsThe opium armies4. The American Civil War, opium, morphine and the 'soldiers' disease'Medicine, opium and morphineSoldier's wounded bodyDeadly diseasesSalutary opiatesThe myth of the 'soldiers' disease'?5. The colonial wars and the terrifying 'barbarians'The ZulusThe Moros6. From coca to cocaine: the First World WarThe early experiments with coca and cocaine in EuropeThe wartime cocaine boomThe Great War and the cocaine panic in Britain7. The Second World WarThe speedThe NazisDrugs and the Third ReichHigh HitlerThe Wehrmacht on speedThe BritishThe JapaneseThe Finns: a special caseThe RussiansConclusionPart Two: the Cold War1. From the Korean War to the war over mind controlThe Korean WarThe controversial Korean POW episode2. In search of wonderful new techniques and weaponsAmerican military experiments on humans with psychochemical substancesPrecursorsEdgewood Arsenal: the army's 'alchemical' factory of psychochemical dreamsThe hallucinogenic arsenal of the 'anchor of democracy': in search of non-lethal psychochemical weaponsHallucinogenic arsenal of the 'empire of freedom: in search of a truth serum3. Drugs in the service of intelligence. MKULTRA: top-secret CIA programA dark mystery of the Cold War: the death of Frank OlsonMind the 'mind gap': the beginnings of MKULTRAEnds and means of MKULTRAThree phasesPhase one: researchPhase two: experimentationPhase three: implementationWhere have the Nuremburg principles got to?'Ultra' conclusion4. Vietnam: the first pharmacological warA different warDrugs 'prescribed' by the militaryDrugs 'self-prescribed' by soldiersWhy?The myth of a drugged armyA painful homecoming5. The Red Army in Afghanistan and the problem of drug addictionSoviet VietnamThe 40th Army on drugsNarcotics as weapon and the source of funding for military activitiesPart three: towards the present1. Contemporary irregular militaries empowered by drugs2. Getting children stoned: how societies turn children into soldiersThe old-new phenomenonA new type of war?Smaller and lighter armsThe third element of the triad: narcoticsThe advantages of using child soldiers and the role of narcoticsRecruitment and trainingEnhancing morale, bravery and crueltyRewardingDrug addiction: an obstacle to effective demobilization and reintegrationStoned child soldiers as a challenge to regular armed forces and the way forward3. Drugs in the U.S. armed forcesGo pills: pilots flying 'on speed'The problem of drug (ab)use by soldiersConclusionEpilogue: war as a drug