Simple Statistics: Applications in Criminology and Criminal Justice provides a concise and compelling introduction to basic statistics for students of criminology and criminal justice. Written in a conversational tone, it does not "dumb down" the material; rather, it demonstrates the value ofstatistical thinking and reasoning in context. The text covers essential techniques instead of attempting to provide an encyclopedic sweep of all statistical procedures. Author Terance D. Miethe shows how verbal statements and other types of information are converted into statistical codes,measures, and variables. Many texts don't cover this process of operationalization and measurement, so most students have no idea how research methods and statistics are related or how to conduct statistical analysis from the bottom up. While most statistics texts emphasize how to do statistical procedures and neglect why we do them, this unique book covers both areas. The problems at the end of each chapter focus on applications, offering more context for "why we do" these procedures. The term informed consumer is frequentlyused to convey the importance of understanding social statistics for becoming a better student, employee, and citizen. Simple Statistics uses hand computation methods to demonstrate how to apply the various statistical procedures. Most chapters also contain an optional section on how to do these procedures in SPSS and/or Microsoft Excel spreadsheets, but such applications are not necessary for understandingthe statistical methods described in this book. Several examples--but not an overwhelming amount--are used to illustrate each statistical procedure. Specific problems, detailed summaries, key terms, and major formulas are provided at the end of each chapter to further highlight major points. Acomprehensive Instructor's Manual is also available.