Simulating Humans: Computer Graphics Animation and Control

Hardcover | June 17, 1993

byNorman I. Badler, Cary B. Phillips, Bonnie Lynn Webber

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During the past decade, high-performance computer graphics have found application in an exciting and expanding range of new domains. Among the most dramatic developments has been the incorporation of real-time interactive manipulation and display for human figures. Though actively pursued byseveral research groups, the problem of providing a synthetic or surrogate human for engineers and designers already familiar with computer-aided design techniques was most comprehensively solved by Norman Badler's computer graphics laboratory at the University of Pennsylvania. The breadth of thateffort as well as the details of its methodology and software environment are presented in this volume. The book is intended for human factors engineers interested in understanding how a computer-graphics surrogate human can augment their analyses of designed environments. It will also informdesign engineers of the state of the art in human figure modeling, and hence of the human-centered design central to the emergent concept of concurrent engineering. In fulfilling these goals, the book additionally documents for the entire computer graphics community a major research effort in theinteractive control of articulated human figures.

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From the Publisher

During the past decade, high-performance computer graphics have found application in an exciting and expanding range of new domains. Among the most dramatic developments has been the incorporation of real-time interactive manipulation and display for human figures. Though actively pursued byseveral research groups, the problem of pro...

Norman I. Badler, Cary B. Phillips, and Bonnie Lynn Webber are all at University of Pennsylvania.

other books by Norman I. Badler

Format:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 9.49 × 6.3 × 0.87 inPublished:June 17, 1993Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195073592

ISBN - 13:9780195073591

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction and Historical Background1.1. Why Make Human Figure Models?1.2. Historical Roots1.3. What is Currently Possible?1.4. Manipulation, Animation, and Simulation1.5. What Did We Leave Out?2. Body Modeling2.1. Geometric Body Modeling2.2. Representing Articulated Figures2.3. A Flexible Torso Model2.4. Shoulder Complex2.5. Clothing Models2.6. The Anthropometry Database2.7. The Anthropometry Spreadsheet2.8. Strength and Torque Display3. Spatial Interaction3.1. Direct Manipulation3.2. Manipulation with Constraints3.3. Inverse Kinematic Positioning3.4. Reachable Spaces4. Behavior Control of Articulated Figures4.1. An Interactive System for Postural Control4.2. Interactive Manipulation with Behaviors4.3. The Animation Interface4.4. Human Figure Motions4.5. Virtual Human Control5. Simulation with Societies of Behaviors5.1. Forward Simulation with Behaviors5.2. Locomotion5.3. Strength Guided Motion5.4. Collision-Free Path and Motion Planning5.5. Posture Planning6. Task-Level Specifications6.1. Performance Simulation with Simple Commands6.2. Natural Language Expressions of Kinematics and Space6.3. Task-Level Simulation6.4. A Framework for Instruction Understanding7. Epilogue7.1. A Road Map Toward the Future7.2. Conclusion

Editorial Reviews

"The book is both entertaining and informative. One can read it for a general overview, while noting the wealth of detail available for specific topics." --Computing Reviews