The book is an edited volume intended for courses examining women and crime, with chapters contributed by leading scholars in the field. It takes as its starting place the seminal work of early female criminologists, who argued that women offend for many of the same reasons men do and weredeserving of the same serious study. This research inspired a more general move to bring gender into the study of criminology, and the book opens with several chapters on the history of this development and the extent of female offending. The middle sections of the book explore the forefront ofcriminological thought: why women offend, how their paths differ from men's, why there is a gap in crime rates among men and women. Uniquely, the book will also examine the phenomenon of masculinity and crime and how maleness impacts offending. Finally, the ways in which female offenders and victims interact with and apre processed by the justice system are addressed.