Slavery and Sin: The Fight against Slavery and the Rise of Liberal Protestantism

Hardcover | December 8, 2011

byMolly Oshatz

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In this groundbreaking examination of the antislavery origins of liberal Protestantism, Molly Oshatz contends that the antebellum slavery debates forced antislavery Protestants to adopt an historicist understanding of truth and morality. Unlike earlier debates over slavery, in antebellum America the key question was whether slavery was a sin in the abstract. Unable to use the letter of the Bible to answer the claim that slavery was not a sin in and of itself, antislavery Protestants argued that biblical principles requiredopposition to slavery and that God revealed slavery's sinfulness through the gradual unfolding of these principles. Although they believed that slavery was a sin, antislavery Protestants' sympathy for individual slaveholders and their knowledge of the Bible made them reluctant to denounce allslaveholders as sinners. In order to reconcile slavery's sinfulness with their commitments to the Bible and to the Union, antislavery Protestants defined slavery as a social rather than an individual sin. Oshatz demonstrates that the antislavery notions of progressive revelation and social sin hadradical implications for Protestant theology. Oshatz carries her study through the Civil War to reveal how emancipation confirmed for northern Protestants the notion that God revealed His will through history. She reveals how, after the war, a new generation of liberal theologians drew on this experience to respond to evolution and historicalbiblical criticism. Slavery and Sin provides critical insight into how the theological innovations rooted in the slavery debates came to fruition in liberal Protestantism's acceptance of the historical and evolutionary nature of religious truth.

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In this groundbreaking examination of the antislavery origins of liberal Protestantism, Molly Oshatz contends that the antebellum slavery debates forced antislavery Protestants to adopt an historicist understanding of truth and morality. Unlike earlier debates over slavery, in antebellum America the key question was whether slavery was...

Molly Oshatz is an assistant professor at San Francisco State University, where she teaches courses in American intellectual and religious history. She earned her Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley.
Format:HardcoverDimensions:200 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:December 8, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199751684

ISBN - 13:9780199751686

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgementsIntroduction1. The Early Slavery Debates2. Antislavery Moderation3. The Antebellum Slavery Debate4. Social Sin5. God in History6. The New TheologyConclusionNotes