Slavery Before Race: "europeans, Africans, And Indians At Long Island's Sylvester Manor Plantation, 1651-1884" by Katherine Howlett HayesSlavery Before Race: "europeans, Africans, And Indians At Long Island's Sylvester Manor Plantation, 1651-1884" by Katherine Howlett Hayes

Slavery Before Race: "europeans, Africans, And Indians At Long Island's Sylvester Manor Plantation…

byKatherine Howlett Hayes

Hardcover | April 29, 2013

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The study of slavery in the Americas generally assumes a basic racial hierarchy: Africans or those of African descent are usually the slaves, and white people usually the slaveholders. In this unique interdisciplinary work of historical archaeology, anthropologist Katherine Hayes draws on years of fieldwork on Shelter Island’s Sylvester Manor to demonstrate how racial identity was constructed and lived before plantation slavery was racialized by the legal codification of races.
 
Using the historic Sylvester Manor Plantation site turned archaeological dig as a case study, Hayes draws on artifacts and extensive archival material to present a rare picture of northern slavery on one of the North’s first plantations. There, white settlers, enslaved Africans, and Native Americans worked side by side. While each group played distinct roles on the Manor and in the larger plantation economy of which Shelter Island was part, their close collaboration and cohabitation was essential for the Sylvester family’s economic and political power in the Atlantic Northeast. Through the lens of social memory and forgetting, this study addresses the significance of Sylvester Manor’s plantation history to American attitudes about diversity, Indian land politics, slavery and Jim Crow, in tension with idealized visions of white colonial community.
 
Katherine Howlett Hayes is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Minnesota. She holds a Ph.D. in Anthropology from UC Berkeley, and an M.A. in Historical Archaeology from the University of Massachusetts Boston. 
Title:Slavery Before Race: "europeans, Africans, And Indians At Long Island's Sylvester Manor Plantation…Format:HardcoverDimensions:240 pages, 9.41 × 7.24 × 0.98 inPublished:April 29, 2013Publisher:NYU PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0814785778

ISBN - 13:9780814785775

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"This is one of the few studies on slavery in northern plantations and specifically plantations of the early New York, primarily before slavery was made into law.  In this revision of her 2008 dissertation, the author uses historical sources as well as material analysis to push beyond the argument of racial hierarchy on plantations.  Instead, she explores the interplay of relationships, politics, social interactions, and identity that demonstrate more give and take and fluidity between the laborers, enslaves or otherwise, Indian and African, and their white owners, who were of Dutch heritage, as well as the members of the community of Shelter Island." -Choice,