Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics by Sheldon K. FriedlanderSmoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics by Sheldon K. Friedlander

Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics

bySheldon K. Friedlander

Hardcover | March 1, 2000

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Ideal for courses in aerosol science or particle technology, Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics, 2/e, is the only modern text that focuses on aerosol dynamics--the study of the factors that determine changes in the distribution of aerosol properties with respect toparticle size. It covers fundamental concepts, experimental methods, and a wide variety of applications. Using the aerosol dynamics approach, the author integrates a broad range of topics including stochastic processes, aerosol transport theory, coagulation, formation of agglomerates, classicalnucleation theory, and the synthesis of ultrafine solid particles. The book makes extensive use of scaling concepts and dimensional analysis and emphasizes physical and physicochemical interpretations. Basic concepts are illustrated by applications to many fields including air pollution control, theatmospheric sciences, microcontamination in the semiconductor industry, and the industrial manufacture of powders, pigments, additives, and nanoparticles. Revised and expanded, this second edition features new chapters on the kinetics of agglomeration of noncoalescing particles and the fundamentals of aerosol reactor design. It covers the effects of turbulence on coagulation and gas-to-particle conversion and also discusses the formation ofprimary particles by the collision-coalescence mechanism. The chapter on the atmospheric aerosol has been completely rewritten within the aerosol dynamics framework. Its basic approach and topicality make Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics, 2/e, an essential guide for bothstudents and researchers.
Sheldon K. Friedlander is at University of California, Los Angeles.
Title:Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol DynamicsFormat:HardcoverPublished:March 1, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195129997

ISBN - 13:9780195129991


Table of Contents

1. Aerosol CharacterizationParameters Determining Aerosol BehaviorParticle SizeParticle ConcentrationSize Distribution FunctionMoments of the Distribution FunctionExamples of Size Distribution FunctionsChemical CompositionAerosol Dynamics: Relation to Characterization2. Particle Transport PropertiesEquation of DiffusionCoefficient of DiffusionFriction CoefficientAgglomerate Diffusion CoefficientsPath Length of a Brownian ParticleMigration in an External Force FieldElectrical MigrationThermophoresisLondon-van der Waals ForcesBoundary Condition for Particle Diffusion3. Convective Diffusion: Effects of Finite Particle Diameter and External Force FieldsEquation of Convective DiffusionSimilitude Considerations for Aerosol DiffusionConcentration Boundary LayerDiffusion to Cylinders at Low Reynolds Numbers: Concentration Boundary Layer EquationDiffusion at Low Reynolds Numbers: Similitude Law for Particles of Finite DiameterLow Re Deposition: Comparison of Theory with ExperimentSingle Element Particle Capture by Diffusion and Interception at High Reynolds NumbersHigh Re Deposition: Application to Deposition on Rough SurfacesDiffusion from a Laminar Pipe FlowDiffusion from a Turbulent Pipe FlowParticle Deposition from Rising BubblesConvective Diffusion in an External Force Field: Electrical PrecipitationThermophoresis: "Dust Free Space"4. Inertial Transport and DepositionParticle-Surface Interactions: Low SpeedsParticle-Surface Interactions: ReboundParticle Acceleration at Low Reynolds Numbers: Stop DistanceSimilitude Law for Impaction: Stokesian ParticlesImpaction of Stokesian Particles on Cylinders and SpheresImpaction of Non-Stokesian ParticlesDeposition from a Rotating Flow: Cyclone SeparatorParticle Eddy Diffusion CoefficientTurbulent DepositionAerodynamic Focusing: Aerosol BeamsTransition from the Diffusion to Inertial Ranges5. Light ScatteringScattering by Single Particles: General ConsiderationsScattering by Particles Small Compared to the WavelengthScattering by Large Particles: The Extinction ParadoxScattering in the Intermediate Size Range: Mie TheoryScattering by Aerosol CloudsScattering over the Visible Wavelength Range: Aerosol Contributions by VolumeRayleigh Scattering: Self-Similar Size DistributionsMie Scattering: Power Law DistributionsQuasi-Elastic Light ScatteringSpecific Intensity: Equation of Radiative TransferEquation of Radiative Transfer: Formal SolutionLight Transmission Through the Atmosphere: VisibilityInelastic Scattering: Raman Effect6. Experimental MethodsSamplingMicroscopyMass Concentration: FiltrationTotal Number Concentration: Condensation Particle CounterTotal Light Scattering and Extinction CoefficientsSize Distribution FunctionMass and Chemical Species Distribution: The Cascade ImpactorAerosol Chemical AnalysisSummary Classification of Measurment InstrumentsMonodisperse Aerosol Generators7. Collision and Coagulation: Coalescing ParticlesIntroductionCollision Frequency FunctionBrownian CoagulationBrownian Coagulation: Dynamics of Discrete Distribution for an Intially Monodisperse AerosolBrownian Coagulation: Effect of Particle Force FieldsEffect of van der Waals ForcesEffect of Coulomb ForcesCollision Frequency for Laminar ShearSimultaneous Laminar Shear and Brownian MotionTurbulent CoagulationEquation of Coagulation: Continuous Distribution FunctionSimilarity Solution: Coagulation in the Continuum RegimeSimilarity Solution for Brownian CoagulationSimilarity Solution: Coagulation in the Free Molecule RegionTime to Reach the Self-Preserving Distribution (SPD)8. Dynamics of Agglomerate Formation and RestructuringAgglomerate Morphology: Scaling LawsComputer Simulation of Agglomerate FormationLangevin Simulations of AgglomerationSmoluchowski Equation: Collision Kernals for Power Law AggregatesSelf-Preserving Agglomerate Size DistributionsEffect of Primary Particle Size on Agglomerate GrowthEffect of Df on Agglomearte GrowthAgglomerate Restructuring9. Thermodynamics PropertiesThe Vapor Pressure Curve and the Supersaturated StateEffects of Solutes on Vapor PressureVapor Pressure of a Small ParticleHygroscopic Particle-Vapor EquilibriumCharged Particle-Vapor EquilibriaSolid Particle-Vapor EquilibriumEffect of Particle Size on the Equilibrium of a Heterogeneous Chemical ReactionMolecular Clusters10. Gas-to-Particle ConversionCondensation by Adiabatic Expansion: The Experiments of C.T.R. WilsonKinetics of Homogeneous NucleationExperimental Test of Nucleation TheoryHeterogeneous CondensationGrowth LawsDynamics of Growth: Continuity Relation in v SpaceMeasurement of Growth Rates: Homogeneous Gas-Phase ReactionsSimultaneous Homogeneous and Heterogeneous CondensationEffects of Turbulence on Homogeneous Nucleation11. The General Dynamic Equation for the Particle Size Distribution FunctionGeneral Dynamic Equation for the Discrete Distribution FunctionCoagulation and Nucleation as Limiting Processes in Gas-to-Particle ConversionGeneral Dynamic Equation for the Continuous Distribution FunctionThe Dynamic Equation for the Number Concentration NThe Dynamic Equation for the Volume FractionSimultaneous Coagulation and Diffusional Growth: Similarity Solution for Continuum RegimeSimultaneous Coagulation and Growth: Experimental ResultsThe GDE for Turbulent FlowThe GDE for Turbulent Stack PlumesCoagulation and Stirred SettlingCoagulation and Deposition by Convective DiffusionContinuously Stirred Tank Reactor12. Synthesis of Submicron Solid Particles: Aerosol ReactorsAerosol Reactors: Commercial and Pilot ScaleThe Collision-Coalescence Mechanism of Primary Particle FormationExtension of the Smouluchowski Equation to Colliding, Coalescing ParticlesRate Equation for Particle CoalescenceSolid-State Diffusion CoefficientEstimation of Average Primary Particle Size: Method of Characteristic TimesPrimary Particle Size: Effects of Aerosol Material PropertiesParticle Neck FormationParticle Crystal Structure13. Atmospheric Aerosol DynamicsAtmospheric Aerosol Size DistributionAerosol Dynamics in Power Plant PlumesChemical Composition of Urban AerosolsDistributions of Chemical Species with Particle SizeMorphological Characteristics of the Submicron AerosolCommon Measures of Air Quality for Particulate Matter: Federal StandardsReceptor Modeling: Source ApportionmentStatistical Variations of Ambient Aerosol Chemical ComponentsEach chapter ends with Problems and ReferencesCommon SymbolsIndex

Editorial Reviews

Praise for the previous edition: "The reader of this excellent senior- or first-year-graduate level text will recognize the catholic nature of the material treated. Sheldon probably America's pre-eminent investigator of aerosols, by virtue of his theoretical and experimentalwork conducted in a variety of areas since the 1950's....Smoke, Dust and Haze is the first published book on aerosols written primarily for classroom use. It was written explicitly for chemical- and environmental-engineering first-year-graduate students but it could serve excellently as a physicscourse to introduce students to the nature of applied science."--Physics Today