Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Hardcover | April 20, 2012

byLee Jussim

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Social Perception and Social Reality contests the received wisdom in the field of social psychology that suggests that social perception and judgment are generally flawed, biased, and powerfully self-fulfilling. Jussim reviews a wealth of real world, survey, and experimental data collectedover the last century to show that in fact, social psychological research consistently demonstrates that biases and self-fulfilling prophecies are generally weak, fragile, and fleeting. Furthermore, research in the social sciences has shown stereotypes to be accurate. Jussim overturns the received wisdom concerning social perception in several ways. He critically reviews studies that are highly cited darlings of the bias conclusion and shows how these studies demonstrate far more accuracy than bias, or are not replicable in subsequent research. Studies of equalor higher quality, which have been replicated consistently, are shown to demonstrate high accuracy, low bias, or both. The book is peppered with discussions suggesting that theoretical and political blinders have led to an odd state of affairs in which the flawed or misinterpreted bias studiesreceive a great deal of attention, while stronger and more replicable accuracy studies receive relatively little attention.In addition, the author presents both personal and real world examples (such as stock market prices, sporting events, and political elections) that routinely undermine heavy-handed emphases on error and bias, but are generally indicative of high levels of rationality and accuracy. He fully embracesscientific data, even when that data yields unpopular conclusions or contests prevailing conventions or the received wisdom in psychology, in other social sciences, and in broader society.

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Social Perception and Social Reality contests the received wisdom in the field of social psychology that suggests that social perception and judgment are generally flawed, biased, and powerfully self-fulfilling. Jussim reviews a wealth of real world, survey, and experimental data collectedover the last century to show that in fact, soc...

Lee Jussim is Professor and Chair of the Psychology Department at Rutgers University. He has published extensively on stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination, self-fulfilling prophecies and expectancy-confirming biases, and accuracy in social perception. He fully embraces scientific data, even when that data yields unpopular or poli...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:464 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:April 20, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195366603

ISBN - 13:9780195366600

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Table of Contents

Section I - Introduction: This Book, Basic Ideas, and the Early Research1. Introduction: How Might Social Beliefs Relate to Social Reality?2. Introduction: How Might Social Beliefs Relate to Social Reality?3. The Once Raging and Still Smoldering Pygmalion ControversySection II - The Awesome Power of Expectations to Create Reality and Distort Perceptions4. The Extraordinary Power of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies5. The Extraordinary Power of Expectancies to Bias Perception, Memory, and Information-SeekingSection III - The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Create Reality and Distort Perceptions6. The Less Than Extraordinary Power of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies: Considerations Based on Common Sense, Daily Life, and a Critical Evaluation of the Early Classic Experiments7. You Better Change Your Expectations Because I Will Not Change (Much) to Fit Your Expectations: Self-Verification as a Limit to Self-Fulfilling Prophecies8. The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Distort Information-Seeking9. The Less Than Awesome Power of Expectations to Bias Perception, Memory and JudgmentSection IV - Accuracy: Controversies, Criticisms, Criteria, Components, and Cognitive Processes10. Accuracy: Historical, Political, and Conceptual Objections11. Accuracy: Criteria12. Accuracy: Components and ProcessesSection V - The Quest for the Powerful Self-Fulfilling Prophecy13. Teacher Expectations: Accuracy and the Quest for the Powerful Self-Fulfilling Prophecy14. Do Self-Fulfilling Prophecies Accumulate or Dissipate?Section VI - Stereotypes15. On the Pervasiveness and Logical Incoherence of Defining Stereotypes as Inaccurate16. What Constitutes Evidence of Stereotype Accuracy?17. Pervasive Stereotype Accuracy18. Stereotypes and Person Perception: Can Judging Individuals on the Basis of Stereotypes Ever Increase Accuracy?19. Stereotypes Have Been Stereotyped!Section VII - Conclusion20. Important, Interesting and Controversial Work on Accuracy, Bias, and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies that Did Not Fit Elsewhere21. The 90% Full Glass Contests the Scholarly Bias for Bias