Social Theory: Roots and Branches

Paperback | November 28, 2012

byPeter Kivisto

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Edited by Peter Kivisto, this acclaimed collection of accessible primary source readings enables students to experience "firsthand" a wide range of perspectives that are shaping current sociological theory. Now in its fifth edition, Social Theory: Roots and Branches covers both classicaltheory (the roots) and contemporary theory (the branches) and shows how they are linked. Part One features work from such well-known classical theorists as Marx, Durkheim, Weber, and Simmel. It also presents selections by theorists outside of the discipline and from writers who are often overlookedin competing collections, including W. E. B. Du Bois, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Harriet Martineau. Part Two offers readings that illustrate major contemporary theoretical approaches, ending with a section on cutting-edge directions in theoretical discourse. Now featuring a revised and expandedintroductory chapter, this fifth edition offers seventeen new readings, including eight by theorists who are new to this collection.

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Edited by Peter Kivisto, this acclaimed collection of accessible primary source readings enables students to experience "firsthand" a wide range of perspectives that are shaping current sociological theory. Now in its fifth edition, Social Theory: Roots and Branches covers both classicaltheory (the roots) and contemporary theory (the b...

Peter Kivisto is Richard A. Swanson Professor of Social Thought and Chair of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Welfare at Augustana College and the Finland Distinguished Professor at the University of Turku, Finland.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:688 pages, 7.4 × 9.21 × 1.3 inPublished:November 28, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199937125

ISBN - 13:9780199937127

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Table of Contents

PrefaceSocial Theory: Classical Foundations and Contemporary DevelopmentsPart One: The Roots-Classical Social TheoryI. Karl Marx1. Alienated Labor2. The German Ideology (with Friedrich Engels)3. Manifesto of the Communist Party (with Friedrich Engels)4. Commodities5. The General Formula for CapitalII. Emile Durkheim6. On Mechanical and Organic Solidarity7. What Is a Social Fact?8. Anomic Suicide9. Note on the Notion of Civilization (with Marcel Mauss) * Durkheim and Mauss make a case for a level of sociological analysis that operates at the civilizational level and takes into account intercivilizational encounters.10. The Human Meaning of ReligionIII. Max Weber11. "Objectivity" in Social Science and Social Policy12. The Spirit of Capitalism13. Bureaucracy14. The Sociology of Charismatic Authority15. Class, Status, PartyIV. Georg Simmel16. Fashion17. The Adventurer *The adventurer is the social type that seeks to exit from the routinized and rationalized world of everyday life, not temporarily--as is the case with most people--but be seeking to create a life that is in its totality an adventure.18. The Metropolis and Mental Life *Modern industrial society is seen most starkly in urban settings, and in this classic essay Simmel links the themes of interdependency and rationalization specifically to metropolitan spaces.19. The Stranger20. The Philosophy of MoneyV. Other Foundational Voices21. Harriet Martineau: On Marriage *Martineau surveys the institution of marriage cross-culturally, and notes that everywhere women are treated unequally, seen most starkly in their limited occupational opportunities.22. Alexis de Tocqueville: On Individualism *Making use of the recently coined term "individualism," Tocqueville locates this phenomenon in relation to democratic societies, depicting America as the lead society in this regard.23. W.E.B. Dubois: The Conservation of the Races24. Charlotte Perkins Gilman: The Dependence of Women25. Thorstein Veblen: Conspicuous Consumption *Veblen's skills as an acerbic social critic are on display in his discussion of "conspicuous consumption," which he depicts as a characteristic means by which the leisure class makes status claims.26. Jane Addams: Utilization of Women in City Government27. Charles Horton Cooley: Social and Individual Aspects of Mind *Cooley takes issue with the Cartesian claim, "I think, hence I am," countering it by advancing the idea that self and society are intricately intertwined.VI. Voices Outside the Discipline28. Friedrich Nietzsche: The Madman29. William James: What Pragmatism Needs30. John Dewey: The Eclipse of the Public31. Sigmund Freud: Civilization and Its Discontents32. George Herbert Mead: The Fusion of the "I" and the "Me" in Social ActivitiesPart Two: The Branches-Contemporary Social TheoryVII. Functionalism and Systems Theory33. Robert K. Merton: The Unanticipated Consequences of Social Action34. Talcott Parsons: The Subsystems of Society35. Lewis Coser: The Functions of Social Conflict36. Niklas Luhmann: Functional DifferentiationVIII. Conflict Theories37. C. Wright Mills: Culture and Politics38. Ralf Dahrendorf: Conflict Groups and Group Conflicts39. Randall Collins: The Basics of Conflict Theory40. Charles Tilly: War Making and State Making as Organized Crime *As the title suggests, Tilly draws a parallel between the way that nation states and organized crime syndicates function, both creating protection rackets to enhance their own positions.IX. Symbolic Interaction, Phenomenology, and Ethnomethodology41. Herbert Blumer: Society as Symbolic Interaction42. Erving Goffman: Performances43. Alfred Schutz: Indirect Social Relationships44. Harvey Sacks: Rules of Conversational Sequence45. Harold Garfinkel: Studies of the Routine Grounds of Everyday ActivitiesX. Exchange Theory and Rational Choice Theory46. George Homans: Social Behavior as Exchange47. Richard M. Emerson: Power-Dependence Relations48. James S. Coleman: Human Capital and Social Capital49. Michael Hechter: The Emergence of Cooperative Social Institutions *From a rational choice perspective, Hechter offers an account of how cooperative social institutions arise, in the process addressing the steps they can take to remedy the free rider problem.50. Peter Blau: Formulation of Exchange TheoryXI. Feminist Theory51. Candace West and Don H. Zimmerman: Doing Gender52. Catharine MacKinnon: Difference and Dominance: On Sex Discrimination *MacKinnon takes issue with what she calls the sameness/difference theory of sex inequality and then sketches out her alternative dominance approach.53. Patricia Hill Collins: Toward an Afrocentric Feminist Epistemology54. Dorothy E. Smith: Sociology from Women's Experience: A Reaffirmation55. Raewyn Connell: Femininity and MasculinityXII. Theories of Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism56. Michael Omi and Howard Winant: The Theoretical Status of the Concept of Race57. Paul Gilroy: Between Camps: Race and Culture in Postmodernity58. Will Kymlicka: The Rise and Fall of Multiculturalism *Responding to critics who have concluded that multiculturalism has failed and is on the wane, Kymlicka offers a concise account of what multiculturalism actually is before indicating how the critics are off the mark.59. Rogers Brubaker: Ethnicity without Groups60. Craig Calhoun: Nationalism and the Cultures of DemocracyXIII. Critical Theory61. Walter Benjamin: Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction62. Herbert Marcuse: One-Dimensional Man63. Max Horkheimer: Traditional and Critical Theory64. Jurgen Habermas: Three Normative Models of Democracy65. Axel Honneth: Personal Identity and DisrespectXIV. Contemporary Theories of Modernity66. Norbert Elias: Shame and Repugnance67. Guy Debord: Spectacular Time68. Anthony Giddens: The Reflexivity of Modernity69. Bruno Latour: Redistribution70. Giorgio Agamben: The Politicization of Life *Modern politics, Agamben contends, is increasingly defined in terms of bare life, to bodies subject to various technologies of power in contrast to political beings defined as citizens.XV. Structuralism, Poststructuralism, and Postmodernity71. Pierre Bourdieu: The Correspondence between Goods Production and Taste Production72. Jean Baudrillard: Advertising73. Michel Foucault: Panopticism74. Zygmunt Bauman: On Living in a Liquid Modern World75. Jean-Francois Lyotard: The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge *Lyotard's classic statement on postmodernity links this cultural shift to the economic shift resulting in postindustrial societies, going on to argue that postmodern culture undermines totalizing accounts of social change.XVI. World Systems and Globalization Theory76. Immanuel Wallerstein: The Three Instances of Hegemony in the History of the Capitalist World-Economy77. Ulrich Beck: The Cosmopolitan Condition: Why Methodological Nationalism Fails *Taking aim at methodological nationalism, Beck seeks to link a cosmopolitan alternative to both modernity and globalization.78. Arjun Appadurai: Disjunction and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy79. Douglas Kellner: Theorizing GlobalizationXVII. Further New Directions in Contemporary Social Theory80. Alain Touraine: The Subject and Societal Movements81. Jeffrey C. Alexander: Real Civil Societies: Dilemmas of Institutionalization *Alexander distinguishes three different versions of civil society theory, with the third representing his own position. Central to his version, the civil sphere is the social space wherein solidarity and justice are promoted.82. Randall Collins: Interaction Ritual Theory83. Steven Seidman: Queer-ing Sociology, Sociologizing Queer Theory *A key proponent of queer theory, Seidman makes use of Foucault's work on sexuality in his attempt to bring queer theory and sociology into mutually rewarding contact.84. Manuel Castells: Materials for an Exploratory Theory of the Network Society85. John Urry: Mobile Sociology