Sociological Justice

Paperback | December 1, 1990

byDonald Black

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That discrimination exists in courts of law is beyond dispute. In American murder cases, for instance, studies show that blacks who kill a white are much more likely to receive the death penalty than if they kill a black. Indeed, in Georgia, they are 30 times more likely to be condemned, andin Texas a staggering 90 times more likely. Conversely, in Texas, of 143 whites convicted of killing a black, only one was sentenced to die. But how extensive is discrimination in the courtroom? Is it strictly a matter of racial prejudice, or does it respond to a wide range of social factors? In Sociological Justice, eminent legal sociologist Donald Black challenges the conventional notion that law is primarily an affair of rules and that discrimination is an aberration. Law, he contends, is a social process in which bias is inherent. Indeed, Black goes well beyond the documentedinstances of racial discrimination to show how social status (regardless of race), the degree of intimacy (are they family members, friends, or complete strangers?), speech, organization, and numerous other factors all greatly influence whether a complaint will be filed in court, who will win, andwhat the punishment or other remedy will be. Moreover, he extends his analysis to include not only the litigants, but also the lawyers, the jurors, and the judge, describing how their social characteristics can also influence a case. Sociological Justice introduces a new field of legal scholarship that will have important consequences for the future of law: the sociology of the case. Black discusses how lawyers can use the sociology of the case to improve their practice and, for those interested in reform, he suggests ways tominimize bias in the courtroom. Beyond this, Black demonstrates that modern jurisprudence, with its assumption that like cases will be treated in like fashion, is out of touch with reality. He urges the adoption of a new sociological jurisprudence, with a new morality of law, that explicitlyaddresses the social relativity of justice. A major contribution to legal scholarship, this thought-provoking volume is essential reading for anyone interested in law and justice in modern society.

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That discrimination exists in courts of law is beyond dispute. In American murder cases, for instance, studies show that blacks who kill a white are much more likely to receive the death penalty than if they kill a black. Indeed, in Georgia, they are 30 times more likely to be condemned, andin Texas a staggering 90 times more likely. ...

Donald Black is University Professor of the Social Sciences at the University of Virginia, and has taught legal sociology at both Harvard and Yale Law Schools. He has published four other books, including the highly acclaimed The Behavior of Law, which Contemporary Sociology called "the most important contribution ever made to the s...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:192 pages, 8.27 × 5.51 × 0.59 inPublished:December 1, 1990Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195085582

ISBN - 13:9780195085587

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"A seminal work....Black's recognition of prevalent discrimination in social life and its natural presence in the criminal justice system is both controversial and correct!"--Ruth-Ellen Grimes, California State University-Fullerton