Sociology: Contours of Society

Paperback | January 15, 1998

byRobert H. Lauer, Jeanette C. Lauer

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Robert and Jeanette Lauer's Sociology: Contours of Society offers comprehensive but concise coverage in an affordable paperback format that does not overwhelm students. This unique text speaks to students. Its student-oriented, conversational writing style and inviting design connects withstudents on their own level--and asks them to apply what they learn to their own lives. Many examples, vignettes, and inserts include student-written material, which draws students into the text. There is little use of sociological jargon. All concepts are highlighted and defined as they areintroduced. Each of the major sociological approaches is presented, with a balance between theoretical and empirical material. Features: * A special emphasis on critical thinking. Chapter Two shows students how to apply critical thinking to both popular and professional sources of information. Every chapter features an example of thinking critically well as a critical thinking exercise. * The use of engaging social science research. This adds a unique degree of factual content to the text. Every chapter makes reference to the type of research reported (e.g., participant observation, survey, experiment, etc.). * The integration of theory and methods. Both theory and methods are introduced in Chapter One, and their uses in various research studies are integrated into every subsequent chapter. * The inclusion of feminist theory. Feminist interpretations are given for many of the social issues raised. * A focus on diversity. Each chapter contains cross-cultural material that compares males and females as well as people from various racial, ethnic, and class backgrounds. * A global perspective. Comparisons with the societies of other nations are included in every chapter, along with an "Extensions" box that focuses on a particular country or group of nations. * A balance of micro and macro approaches. * Collaborative learning projects. "Explorations" boxes draw students into the learning process. * A chapter on science and technology. This is a topic not found in many comparable textbooks. * A comprehensive Instructor's Resource Guide/Testing Program is available.

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Robert and Jeanette Lauer's Sociology: Contours of Society offers comprehensive but concise coverage in an affordable paperback format that does not overwhelm students. This unique text speaks to students. Its student-oriented, conversational writing style and inviting design connects withstudents on their own level--and asks them to a...

Robert H. Lauer and Jeannette C. Lauer are both at U.S. International University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:534 pages, 6.69 × 9.09 × 1.1 inPublished:January 15, 1998Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195329783

ISBN - 13:9780195329780

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Table of Contents

Each chapter ends with a Glossary.1. Sociology as Understanding: Making Sense of Human LifeThe Need to UnderstandA Basis for Emotional SecurityA Guide to Interpersonal RelationshipsA Guide to Organizational BehaviorA Basis for Policy DecisionsThinking SociologicallyYou Are a Social CreatureSocial Factors Affect All That You Think, Feel, and DoThe Sociological ImaginationHow the Sociological Imagination Developed: Sociological TheoriesWhy Is Theory Important?Major Theories of SociologyA Summary and CritiqueSocial ResearchSurvey ResearchParticipant ObservationExperimentsOfficial Records and Other Existing Data2. Critical Thinking: How to Evaluate InformationThe Process of Critical ThinkingFacts Must Be Interpreted: A Model of Critical Thinking: Understanding the InformationRead or Listen Carefully to the Information SourceReconstruct the InformationEvaluating Information in the Professional MediaSocial Science: Fallible People Using More-or-Less Precise MethodsQuestions to Ask When Evaluating Professional SourcesQuestions to Ask When Evaluating Popular Sources3. Culture: How Social Life VariesWhat Culture IsMaterial and Nonmaterial Culture: Characteristics of Culture: The Elements of CultureLanguage: Knowledge and Beliefs: Values: Social Control: Technology: Art and Recreation: Cultural DiversityIntercultural Diversity: Intracultural Diversity: Cultural ChangeInnovation: Diffusion: Change and Integration: 4. Socialization: How You Become What You AreNature or Nurture?Heredity: The Basic Materials: Socialization: Shaping the Materials: Childhood Socialization Process: Adult Socialization: Agents of SocializationFamily: Peers: School: The Mass Media: Social Class: Experiences: Becoming Who You AreHow You Think About Yourself: Your Emotions: Your Achievements: A Note on Human FreedomBecoming Male and FemaleBecoming a Moral CreatureBecoming a Group Member5. Social Interaction: Why Do You Relate to Others as You Do?Functions of InteractionFoundations of InteractionStatus: Role: The Self: The Process of Interaction: Your Life as DramaPerformances: Impression Management: When the Performance Fails: Patterns of Interaction: CooperationExchangeNegotiationConflict6. Social Structure: How Human Life Is PatternedThe Structuring of Human Life: From Macro to MicroStructure vs. ChaosStructure and ProcessSocial Structure as MultilevelThe Micro Level: Social GroupsWhy Do People Join Groups?: Primary and Secondary Groups: Reference Groups: Ingroups and Outgroups: Small Group Behavior: Formal OrganizationsThe Nature of Formal Organizations: Models of Work Organizations: Processes in Formal Organizations: Voluntary AssociationsBureaucracyWhat Is a Bureaucracy?Is Bureaucracy a Four-Letter Word?7. Deviance: Understanding Those Who Are DifferentWhat Is Deviance?How Much Deviance Is There? And Why Does it Matter?Crime: Drugs: Mental IllnessBecoming Deviant: Why?Deviance as Built In: Deviance as Conformity: Deviance as a Labeling Process: Deviance as a Power Struggle: Deviance as Opportunity: EvaluationControlling Deviance: Control as a Social Bond: Control as Political: Control as Medical: 8. Social Stratification: How Inequality Shapes Human LifeSocial Stratification: Everyone Lives in a System of InequalityCaste Systems: Estate Systems: Class Systems: Is Inequality Necessary?The American Class SystemHow Social Class Is Measured: The Consequences of Social Class Position: A Brief Portrait of American Classes: Poverty in America: Is it Inevitable?America's Poor: Who Are the Poor?: The War on Poverty: Social Mobility: Moving up or DownHow Mobile Are Americans?: What Accounts for Social Mobility?: Global Stratification9. Racial and Ethnic Groups: Understanding DifferencesRace and Ethnicity: Myth or Reality?MinoritiesRacial and Ethnic Groups in the United StatesAfrican Americans: Hispanic Americans: Asian Americans: White Ethnics: Jewish Americans: American Indians: Prejudice and Discrimination: Racism in ActionPrejudice: Discrimination: Institutional Discrimination: Affirmative Action: Solution or Problem?: Forms of Interaction: Melting Pot or Salad Bowl or ...?Conflict: Assimilation: Pluralism: 10. Gender and Gender Roles: How Nature and Nurture Affect IdentitySex, Gender, and Gender RolesSex and Gender: Gender Roles: How People Learn Gender RolesGender Socialization in the Family: Gender Socialization With Peers: Gender Socialization at School: Gender Socialization by the Media: Gender Socialization in Religion: Gender and InequalitySexism: Illusion or Pervasive Obstacle?Economic InequalityGender Inequality in EducationPolitical InequalityInequality in Household TasksInequality in Personal SafetyEnding Gender Inequality: Fantasy or Possibility?Is Gender Inequality Necessary?Attacking Gender Inequality11. Marriage and Family: The Search for IntimacyWhat Is the Family?Defining the Family: Functions of the Family: The Changing American FamilyFamily Life Over Time in the U.S.: Recent Trends: Diversity in Family LifeSingle-Parent Families: Racial/Ethnic Families: Homosexual Families: Single- and Dual-Earner Families: Relational ChoicesStaying Single: Cohabitation: Marriage: SexSex as Social: Premarital Sex: Marital Sex: Contraception: Abortion: Family ProblemsViolence in the Family: Divorce: Remarriage and the Blended Family: 12. Religion and Education: The Search for Meaning and KnowledgeWhat Is Religion?The Functions of ReligionReligion as the Worship of Society: Religion as an Opiate: Religion as a Force for Change: Religion as Transcendent Meaning: Religion in the United StatesThe Diversity of American ReligionChurches, Sects, and CultsA Note on DistinctionsSocial Stratification and ReligionCivil ReligionReligious FundamentalismThe Functions of EducationSocializing Citizens: Preparing for Upward MobilityFacilitating Personal DevelopmentAn Educational Profile of the United StatesEducational Aspirations: Educational Attainment: Academic Achievement: Education and Social Stratification: Problems in EducationAcademic Quality: The Learning Environment: Inequality in Education: Alternatives to Public EducationPrivate Schools: Home Schooling: 13. Government and the Economy: The Search for Order and SustenanceGovernment and Social OrderPower and Authority: Types of Governments: The American System of GovernmentThe Growth of GovernmentWho Rules?: Political Participation: Threats to Order: Protest, Violence, and WarProtest and Violence: War: Types of EconomiesCapitalism: Socialism: Mixed Economies: The Changing American EconomyWork in the United StatesThe Labor Force: The Changing Meaning of Work: Problems of WorkUnemployment and Underemployment: Job Dissatisfaction: Work Hazards: Minimizing Work Problems: 14. Science, Technology, and Health: The Search for Well-BeingScience as a Human ConstructionThe Nature of Science: The Development of Science: Social Factors in Scientific ProgressBeliefs and Values: Government and Economy: Competition: Technology and Human ProgressPrepotent Technologies: How Technology Changes Society: The Nature and Sources of HealthWhat Is Health?: Social Factors in Health and Illness: Extent and Consequences of Health Problems: Extent of Physical and Mental Illness: AIDS: Consequences of Health Problems: Social Issues in Health and IllnessThe Quality of Health Care: Promoting Health: Preventive Measures: The Right to Die: 15. Population, Urbanization, and the Environment: Understanding the Spatial Dimensions of Social LifePopulation and Population TrendsComponents of Population: Components of Population Growth: The Challenge of Population Growth: Urbanization and UrbanismThe Development of Cities: Urbanization as a Global Process: Urbanism: Life in the City: The Challenge of the EnvironmentThe Earth as an Ecosystem: Humans in the Environment: Population, Urbanization, and Environment: Inseparable Trio16. Social Change and Social Movements: How People and Societies Are TransformedThe Meaning of Social ChangeChange Is Normal and Pervasive: Change Is not Inherently Traumatic: Sources of ChangeTechnology: Ideology: Competition and Conflict: The Government and Economy: Population: Patterns of ChangeDevelopmental Change: Cyclic Change: Diffusion and Adoption of Innovations: Modernization: Social MovementsWhy People Participate: Social Movements and Social Change: