Despite the massive expansion of the education system in contemporary India, inequalities of opportunity continue to be visible at all stages. This volume maps the journey of the discipline of Sociology of Education (SoE) in India over the past five decades. Original contributions based onprimary research, critically examine the emerging theoretical and methodological concerns that need to be addressed in the sociological study of education. How do poverty, structural inequalities, cultural diversity, and identities influence learning? How will the broader sociological tools available tackle with the impending crisis in the educational system? Can SoE claim its arrival within the field of sociology? This volume takes a step in thedirection towards seeking answers to these questions. It is the first collective appraisal of the trajectory of SoE since initial efforts, which were made in the 1960s. It is an attempt at filling the gap that exists in the availability of basic reading material on this subject in India.