Solar-to-fuel conversion in algae and cyanobacteria by Cinzia FormighieriSolar-to-fuel conversion in algae and cyanobacteria by Cinzia Formighieri

Solar-to-fuel conversion in algae and cyanobacteria

byCinzia Formighieri

Paperback | May 4, 2015

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This volume is focused on solar-to-fuel conversion using algae and cyanobacteria for advanced generation biofuels. Production of biofuels needs to rely on cheap and renewable resources, in order to be economically viable and environmentally sustainable in the long term. Solar energy is an abundant and renewable resource, and strategies for solar-to-fuel conversion have the potential to sustain our energy demands in the long term and to be carbon-dioxide neutral. First generation biofuels are those already on the market, such as bio-ethanol from sugarcane and corn starch, biodiesel from oil seed crops. However, development of a single biofuel, as efficient as it may be, would be insufficient and could not sustain the global demand for energy.

The next generation of advanced biofuels explores alternative feedstocks and technologies, finding novel solar-to-fuel solutions. Algae and cyanobacteria can convert sunlight into chemical energy through the process of photosynthesis. They represent an alternative with respect to crops for solar-to-fuel conversion that does not compete with food for arable land. This SpringerBrief focuses only on solar-to-fuel conversion for production of advanced biofuels, pointing to the importance of relying on the sun for our sustainability in the long term. It is the only current publication to discuss the problem of light-utilization inefficiency during mass cultivation of micro-algae. This review also addresses the potential of cyanobacteria for the generation of direct photosynthesis-to-fuel platforms and discusses both possibilities and constraints for future developments.

Cinzia Formighieri is a Post-Doctoral Research Associate at the University of California at Berkeley, where she researches genetic engineering of microbial platforms for the production of human commodities. She holds a PhD in Molecular, Industrial, and Environmental Biotechnology from the University of Verona, Italy.
Title:Solar-to-fuel conversion in algae and cyanobacteriaFormat:PaperbackDimensions:105 pagesPublished:May 4, 2015Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3319167294

ISBN - 13:9783319167299

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction.- 2. Introduction to biofuels: An emerging industry. 3. Exploring novel feedstocks and technologies for advanced biofuels: the promises of algae.- 4. Bio-ethanol from algae polysaccharides.- 5. Biodiesel from microalgae.- 6. Processing of algal biomass for the production of biogas and bio-oil.- 7. Cyanobacteria as a platform for direct photosynthesis-to-fuel conversion.- 8. Economic viability of algal biodiesel.- 9. Photosynthesis: a dynamic process.- 10. Solar-to-biomass conversion efficiency.- 11. Light Saturation of photosynthesis.- 12. Downstream biochemical reactions: carbon assimilation.- 13. Light-utilization inefficiency of wild type algal mass cultures.- 14. Genetic modification of the pigment optical density.- 15. Development of microalgae cultivation and biomass harvesting systems for biofuel production.- 16. Environmental sustainability of biofuel production from algae.- 17. Concluding remarks.