Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Gilles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and…

Paperback | September 16, 2012

byMarilyn McCord Adams

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How can the Body and Blood of Christ, without ever leaving heaven, come to be really present on eucharistic altars where the bread and wine still seem to be? Thirteenth and fourteenth century Christian Aristotelians thought the answer had to be "transubstantiation." Acclaimed philosopher, Marilyn McCord Adams, investigates these later medieval theories of the Eucharist, concentrating on the writings of Thomas Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham, with some reference to Peter Lombard, Hugh of St. Victor, and Bonaventure. She examines how theirefforts to formulate and integrate this theological datum provoked them to make significant revisions in Aristotelian philosophical theories regarding the metaphysical structure and location of bodies, differences between substance and accidents, causality and causal powers, and fundamental types ofchange. Setting these developments in the theological context that gave rise to the question draws attention to their understandings of the sacraments and their purpose, as well as to their understandings of the nature and destiny of human beings. Adams concludes that their philosophical modifications were mostly not ad hoc, but systematic revisions that made room for transubstantiation while allowing Aristotle still to describe what normally and naturally happens. By contrast, their picture of the world as it will be (after the lastjudgment) seems less well integrated with their sacramental theology and their understandings of human nature.

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How can the Body and Blood of Christ, without ever leaving heaven, come to be really present on eucharistic altars where the bread and wine still seem to be? Thirteenth and fourteenth century Christian Aristotelians thought the answer had to be "transubstantiation." Acclaimed philosopher, Marilyn McCord Adams, investigates these later ...

Marilyn McCord Adams is Distinguished Research Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:336 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.68 inPublished:September 16, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199658161

ISBN - 13:9780199658169

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Table of Contents

PrologueIntroduction1. Aristotelian PreliminariesI: Why Sacraments?2. What, Why, and Wherefore3. Sacramental Causality: 'Effecting What They Figure!'II: The Metaphysics and Physics of Real Presence4. Explaining the Presence, Identifying the Change: Aquinas and Giles of Rome5. Duns Scotus on Placement Problems6. Duns Scotus on Two Types of Transsubstantiation7. Remodelling with Ockham8. Accidents without Substance: Aquinas and Gilles of Rome9. Independent Accidents: Scotus and Ockham10. Theology Provoking PhilosophyIII: What Sort of Union?11. Eucharistic Eating and Drinking12. Sacraments, Why Ceasing?Post-ScriptList of Numbered PropositionsBibliography