Soviet Archaeology: Trends, Schools, and History

Hardcover | December 29, 2012

byLeo S. Klejn

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In Soviet Archaeology: Trends, Schools, and History, Russian archaeologist Leo S. Klejn looks at the peculiar phenomenon that is Soviet archaeology and its differences and similarities to Western archaeology and the archaeology of pre-revolutionary Russia. In this updated and expanded volume,he considers whether Soviet archaeology can be considered as Marxist and, if so, was Marxism a help or hindrance to Russian archaeology at the time. Were the writings of Soviet archaeologists sheer propaganda with their own political agenda or can they be considered as objective sources about ourpast? Klejn shows that Soviet archaeology was not a monolithic block as Soviet ideologists attempted to represent it, but rather it was divided into competing schools and trends and, even under the veil of Marxist ideology, was often closely related to the movements occurring in western archaeology.However, inside the system, even the slightest deviance from the party line was considered hostile, and the guilty person was often discharged and punished with sentencing to a life in the Gulag prisons, or even death. As an archaeologist working during the turmoil of the Soviet government's rule over Russia, Klejn's scholarly account is laid out in a journalistic manner, tracing the history of archaeology in Russian from 1917 to beyond 1991, as well as recounting the lives and fates of leading Sovietarchaeologists in vivid descriptions with accompanying photographs.

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In Soviet Archaeology: Trends, Schools, and History, Russian archaeologist Leo S. Klejn looks at the peculiar phenomenon that is Soviet archaeology and its differences and similarities to Western archaeology and the archaeology of pre-revolutionary Russia. In this updated and expanded volume,he considers whether Soviet archaeology can ...

Leo S. Klejn is Emeritus Professor at St Petersburg University, formerly Leningrad University. From 1960 until 1981 he taught archaeology at Leningrad University. In 1981 he was arrested on the initiative of KGB and sentenced to a minimal term imprisonment. After his release, his titles were removed and he was unable to find employmen...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:456 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.1 inPublished:December 29, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199601356

ISBN - 13:9780199601356

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Table of Contents

Translators' noteFrom the authorList of IllustrationsPart I: History and the Present1. The 'Great Unknown'2. The Stages of a Long Journey3. Generations and Aspirations4. A Spectrum of Trends5. The Arena of DebatePart II: Facets of a new science6. Under the Sign of History7. The archaeology of a Great Power: the complications of composition8. Archaeology under the red flag9. Childe and Soviet archaeology10. Reading between LinesPart III: Personalities in the system11. Unbridled intellect and revolution: N. Ya. Marr12. The red demon of archaeology: the saga of V. I. Ravdonikas13. A Historian Armed with a Spade: A. V. Artsikhovsky14. Prince of Soviet Archaeology: B. A. Rybakov15. The masters and their roles.Conclusion: Retrospective and PerspectiveBibliographyAnnexA. A. Formozov: On L. S. Klejn's book The Phenomenon of Soviet Archaeology and on the phenomenon itself.L. S. Klejn: More on Soviet archaeology and Marxism: A professor's reply to a professor's sonList of abbreviationsIndices