Species And Speciation In The Fossil Record

Hardcover | October 5, 2016

EditorWarren D. Allmon, Margaret M. Yacobucci

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Although the species is one of the fundamental units of biological classification, there is remarkably little consensus among biologists about what defines a species, even within distinct sub-disciplines. The literature of paleobiology, in particular, is littered with qualifiers and cautions about applying the term to the fossil record or equating such species with those recognized among living organisms. In Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record, experts in the field examine how they conceive of species of fossil animals and consider the implications these different approaches have for thinking about species in the context of macroevolution.

After outlining views of the Modern Synthesis of evolutionary disciplines and detailing the development within paleobiology of quantitative methods for documenting and analyzing variation within fossil assemblages, contributors explore the challenges of recognizing and defining species from fossil specimens—and offer potential solutions. Addressing both the tempo and mode of speciation over time, they show how with careful interpretation and a clear species concept, fossil species may be sufficiently robust for meaningful paleobiological analyses. Indeed, they demonstrate that the species concept, if more refined, could unearth a wealth of information about the interplay between species origins and extinctions, between local and global climate change, and greatly deepen our understanding of the evolution of life.

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Although the species is one of the fundamental units of biological classification, there is remarkably little consensus among biologists about what defines a species, even within distinct sub-disciplines. The literature of paleobiology, in particular, is littered with qualifiers and cautions about applying the term to the fossil record...

Warren D. Allmon is director of the Paleontological Research Institution in Ithaca, New York, and professor in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at Cornell University. Margaret M. Yacobucci is professor of geology at Bowling Green State University.

other books by Warren D. Allmon

Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record
Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record

Kobo ebook|Oct 5 2016

$65.69 online$85.30list price(save 22%)
Format:HardcoverDimensions:384 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.3 inPublished:October 5, 2016Publisher:University of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022637744X

ISBN - 13:9780226377445

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Taking Fossil Species Seriously
W. D. Allmon and M. M. Yacobucci
 
Chapter 1.        The “Species Concept” and the Beginnings of Paleobiology
D. Sepkoski
 
Chapter 2.        The Species Problem: Concepts, Conflicts, and Patterns Preserved in the Fossil Record
W. Miller III
 
Chapter 3.        Studying Species in the Fossil Record: A Review and Recommendations for a More Unified Approach
W. D. Allmon
 
Chapter 4.        The Stages of Speciation: A Stepwise Framework for Analysis of Speciation in the Fossil Record
W. D. Allmon and S. D. Sampson
 
Chapter 5.        Morphology and Molecules: An Integrated Comparison of Phenotypic and Genetic Rates of Evolution
S. J. Hageman
 
Chapter 6.        Fitting Ancestral Age-Dependent Speciation Models to Fossil Data
L. H. Liow and T. Ergon
 
Chapter 7.        Contrasting Patterns of Speciation in Reef Corals and Their Relationship to Population Connectivity
A. F. Budd and J. M. Pandolfi
 
Chapter 8.        Towards a Model for Speciation in Ammonoids
M. M. Yacobucci
 
Chapter 9.        Species of Decapoda (Crustacea) in the Fossil Record: Patterns, Problems, and Progress
C. E. Schweitzer and R. M. Feldmann
 
Chapter 10.      Fossil Species as Data: A Perspective from Echinoderms
W. I. Ausich
 
Chapter 11.      Species and the Fossil Record of Fishes
W. E. Bemis
 
Chapter 12.      Invasive Species and Speciation
A. L. Stigall
 
Chapter 13.      Fossil Species Lineages and their Defining Traits: Taxonomic "Usefulness" and Evolutionary Modes
M. J. Hopkins and S. Lidgard
 
Chapter 14.      Geographic Clines, Chronoclines, and the Fossil Record: Implications for Speciation Theory
D. R. Prothero, V. J. Syverson, K. R. Raymond, M. Madan, S. Molina, A. Fragomeni, S. DeSantis, A. Sutyagina, and G. L. Gage
 
List of Contributors
Index

Editorial Reviews

“Darwin’s famous title, On the Origin of Species, implies that the very issue of biological evolution centers on species. But what are species? Darwin began his evolutionary explorations agreeing with early naturalists, like Giammbattista Brocchi, who thought species, just like their component individual organisms, are discrete entities, with naturally caused births, histories, and eventual deaths, strung together into ancestor-descendant lineages. But, after discovering natural selection in the late 1830s, Darwin switched his concept of species, adopting instead the other great evolutionary pioneer Jean-Baptiste Lamarck’s vision of species as arbitrarily defined segments of a smoothly evolving evolutionary continuum. These dual concepts of species as seen in the fossil record have survived in variant forms down to the present day. Allmon and Yacobucci’s book traces all the nuances of discord that have continued to plague the meaning of the term species, bringing the best minds together to produce a succinct overview of the nature of species and the role species play in the evolutionary process, especially as seen in the fossil record. Thanks to this book, much of the disparities historically seen between paleontological and neontological species melt away—and the strong role that speciation plays in the history of life comes to the fore in a unified and coherent manner.”