State and Local Government: Sustainability in the 21st Century

Paperback | August 9, 2010

byChristopher A. Simon, Brent S. Steel, Nicholas P. Lovrich

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State and Local Government: Sustainability in the 21st Century examines the social, economic, institutional, and environmental factors that promote or threaten the sustainability of today's state and local governments. Ideal for students who are approaching the subject for the first time, this accessible and engaging introduction covers all of the essential issues faced by contemporary state and local governments. Representing three generations of teaching and scholarship, authors Christopher A. Simon, Brent S.Steel, and Nicholas P. Lovrich provide students with a broad range of perspectives. They draw on a variety of current materials including their own research, the work of distinguished scholars, and the latest literature in the field. State and Local Government also contains a variety of helpful pedagogical tools:* "How to Get Involved" boxes suggest various ways that students can follow--and actively participate in--their state and local governments.* Chapter introductions help students to identify key concepts right from the start of each selection.* Key Terms and end-of-chapter Study Questions reinforce chapter material and promote active learning.* Informative images provide students with visual cues for recalling chapter content.Supplements include a Companion Website ( as well as a comprehensive Test Bank for instructors.Designed to facilitate and encourage lifelong civic engagement, State and Local Government: Sustainability in the 21st Century speaks directly to today's college students. This is especially important because their generation will determine whether we meet the challenge of sustainability or continueto slide toward irretrievable environmental damage. This timely and provocative volume is ideal for courses in state and local government and can also be used as a supplemental text for courses in public policy, environmental policy, and public administration.

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State and Local Government: Sustainability in the 21st Century examines the social, economic, institutional, and environmental factors that promote or threaten the sustainability of today's state and local governments. Ideal for students who are approaching the subject for the first time, this accessible and engaging introduction cover...

Christopher A. Simon is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Master of Public Administration Program at the University of Utah. Brent S. Steel is Professor of Political Science and Director of the Master of Public Policy Program at Oregon State University. Nicholas P. Lovrich is Director of the Division of Governmental S...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:400 pages, 9.25 × 6.5 × 0.68 inPublished:August 9, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199752001

ISBN - 13:9780199752003

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Preface1. Introduction and Themesa. Introductionb. Forces Facing State and Local Governmentsi. Demographic Changeii. Urbanizationiii. Globalization and Economic Changeiv. Technological Changev. Value Changevi. Environmental Change and Concernc. Sustainable and Resilient States and Communitiesd. Summary and Book Outline2. Federalisma. Introductionb. Unities of Governmentc. Historic Roots of Federalismd. Advantages of Federalisme. Models of Federalismi. Dual Federalismii. Cooperative Federalismiii. Pragmatic Federalismiv. Non-Centralized Federalismf. 21st Century Network Approaches to Federalismg. Conditions for Sustainable Federalismh. Conclusion3. The New Margins: Sustainabilitya. Innovationb. Infrastructure Renewali. Water and Waste Systemsii. Government Buildingsiii. Urban Redevelopmentc. Resource Management and Development: Energy and Environmenti. Surveying Needs and Potentialii. New Innovationsiii. Commitment Developmentiv. Case Studiesd. Livabilityi. Eldercare Issuesii. Clean Citiesiii. Social Capitaliv. Case Studies4. Actors and the Policy Processa. Introductionb. Political Participation in Postindustrial Americac. Interest Groupsd. Social Movementse. Citizensf. Initiative and Referendag. Mediah. Corporations and Economic Interestsi. Political Parties and Electionsj. Governmental Structures and the Policy Processk. A Review of Policy Modelsl. Conclusion5. State Constitutionsa. Introductionb. Purpose of State Constitutionsc. Content of State Constitutions: Diversity and Similaritiesd. Changing Constitutionsi. Legislative Proposalsii. Constitutional Conventioniii. Constitutional Commissioniv. Role of the Courtse. Constitutional Amendment Trendsf. Constitutions and Sustainabilityg. Conclusion6. Legislaturesa. Introductionb. State Legislaturesc. Functions of State Legislaturesd. Variation in State Legislaturese. Local Government Legislaturesf. Legislatures and Sustainabilityg. Conclusion7. Executivesa. Introductionb. Governorsi. Terms of Office and Eligibilityii. Term Limitsiii. Governor's Officec. Secretary of Stated. Attorney Generale. State Treasurerf. Superintendent of Public Instructiong. Local Government Executivesi. County Commissionsii. Special Districtsh. Municipal Governmentsi. Strong Mayor-Councilii. Weak Mayor-Counciliii. Municipal Commissioniv. City Managersi. Executives and Sustainabilityj. Conclusion8. Courtsa. Introductionb. State Court Systemsc. How Courts Workd. Trial Courtse. Appellate Courtsf. Courts of Last Resortg. Problem Solving Courtsh. Judicial Selectioni. Current and Future Challengesj. Courts and Sustainability9. State and Local Bureaucracy and Administrationa. Introductionb. What is Bureaucracy?c. Moving from Bureaucracy to Administration as a Systemd. Networks to Somewhere: The Intertwined Process of Administrative Governancee. Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities of the 21st Century Administratorf. Women and Minorities in Public Administrationg. E-Governmenth. Volunteers, Non-Profits, and Administrationi. Historical Trends in State and Local Employmentj. Salaries in State and Local Governmentk. Administration, Governance, and Innovationl. Sustainable Bureaucraciesm. Conclusion10. Budgeting and Sustainabilitya. Introductionb. Why Do We Budget?c. Generic Budgeting Processesi. Preparation of Estimatesii. Executive Budget Compiled and Submitted to Legislative Bodyiii. Legislative Body Deliberations and Budget Approvaliv. Budget Executionv. Post-Auditd. Sustainable Budgeting and Sources of Revenuei. Preparation of Estimatesii. Sales and Gross Receipts Taxesiii. Personal Income Taxiv. License Feesv. Corporate Income Taxesvi. Severance Taxese. Revenue: Past and Futuref. Federal Grants for Sustainability and Community Developmentg. Federal Grants for Transportationh. Federal Grants for the Least Benefited Public Health and Income Securityi. Federal Grants for Children, Families, and Veteransj. Federal Funding for Programs of Hope and Correctionsk. State and Local Budget Expendituresl. Budget Reformsm. Budget Focus: Five Areas of Future State and Local Budget Needi. Alternative Energy and Energy Conservationii. Climate Change Impactsiii. Infrastructure Renewaliv. Bio-Equityv. Technology and Innovationn. Conclusion11. Entitlementsa. Introductionb. Background and Types of Entitlementsc. Entitlementsd. Public Assistancee. Health caref. Medicare and Medicaidg. State Children's Health Insurance Program (S-CHIP)h. Unemployment Compensationi. Conclusion: The Relationship Between Entitlements and Sustainability12. Traditional and Visible Services: Criminal Justice, Education, Transportation, and Emergency Managementa. Introductionb. Criminal Justicec. Educationd. Transportatione. Emergency Managementf. Services and Sustainabilityg. ConclusionKirsten Winters: GlossaryInternet ResourcesFootnotes