State Building in Boom Times: Commodities and Coalitions in Latin America and Africa by Ryan Saylor

State Building in Boom Times: Commodities and Coalitions in Latin America and Africa

byRyan Saylor

Hardcover | July 25, 2014

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State Building in Boom Times argues that commodity booms and coalitional politics are central to understanding the state building variation within and across Latin America and Africa. It shows how resource booms can trigger the provision of new public goods and institutional strengthening andthus help countries expand their state capacity. But these possibilities hinge on coalitional politics, as seen through six cases. Countries ruled by export-oriented coalitions (Argentina, Chile, and Mauritius) expanded their state capacity as a direct result of commodity booms. But countries inwhich exporters were politically marginalized (Colombia, Ghana, and Nigeria) missed analogous state building opportunities because ruling coalitions preyed upon export wealth, rather than promoting export interests via state building. The coalitional basis of these divergent outcomes suggests that, contrary to the prevailing belief in a resource curse, natural resource wealth does not necessarily dispose countries to low state capacity. Instead, export-oriented coalitions can harness boom times for developmental gains, even inthe context of weak institutions. This finding warrants reappraising some widespread presumptions about the relationship between resource wealth and state building, as well as the public policies that are commonly proposed for developing countries to manage their natural resource wealth.

About The Author

Ryan Saylor is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Tulsa.

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Title:State Building in Boom Times: Commodities and Coalitions in Latin America and AfricaFormat:HardcoverDimensions:256 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:July 25, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199364958

ISBN - 13:9780199364954

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments1. The Multiple Motives behind State Building in the Developing WorldThe Revenue Imperative and State Building in the Developing WorldAlternative State Building MotivesBoom Times and State Building in Coalitional PerspectiveCommodity Booms and State Building in Latin America and Africa2. Boom Times, Coalitional Politics, and State BuildingState Capacity, Public Goods, and Institutions: The Conceptual TerrainA Coalitional Approach to State Building: The Theoretical ArgumentCase Selection and MeasurementAlternative Hypotheses3. Striking State Building due to Chile's Double Boom, 1848-1883Chile at Mid-CenturyThe Revenue Imperative and Chilean State BuildingChile's Double Boom in Wheat and CopperPublic Goods Provided, but only to Ruling Coalition MembersAn Opposition Enriched, Civil War, and Institution BuildingChile in 1883: A Precocious Latin American Leviathan4. Seizing State Building Opportunities during Argentina's Wool Boom, 1852-1886Argentina at Mid-CenturyThe Revenue Imperative and Argentine State BuildingArgentina's Wool BoomNew Public Goods for Powerful Ranching ElitesEnriching Exports, Inter-Provincial Conflict, and Institution BuildingArgentina in 1886: From Port City to Modern State5. Sugar Exporters, New Public Goods, and State Building in Mauritius, 1825-1895Initial Conditions in Mauritius, 1825The Revenue Imperative and Mauritian State BuildingThe Sugar Boom and the Transformation of MauritiusPublic Goods Seeking and Mauritian State BuildingWithout a Diametrical Threat, Mediated Institutions RemainMauritius in 1895: New Public Goods and a Growth in State Capacity6. Marginalized Coffee Exporters and Missed State Building Opportunities in Colombia, 1880-1905Colombia in the Late Nineteenth CenturyThe Revenue Imperative and Colombian State BuildingColombia's Coffee BoomOstracized Coffee Exporters Fail to Obtain New Public GoodsA Non-Elemental Threat Obviates Institution BuildingPersistent State Weakness in Colombia7. Nationalist Politicians Squander State Building Opportunities while Fleecing Cocoa Exporters in Ghana, 1945-1966Ghana at Mid-CenturyThe Revenue Imperative and Ghanaian State BuildingGhana's Postwar Cocoa BoomThe CPP Frustrates Exporters' Efforts to Obtain New Public GoodsThe Persistence of Mediated Institutions in Postwar GhanaGhana in 1966: Illusory State Building and Low State Capacity8. Exporters' Marginalization and the Persistence of Nigeria's Weak State, 1945-1966Nigeria at Mid-CenturyThe Revenue Imperative and Nigerian State BuildingThe Agricultural Commodity BoomPolitically Marginalized Exporters Fail to Obtain New Public GoodsInstitutional Decentralization to Placate Nationalist ElitesNigeria in 1966: An Enervated State9. Conclusion and ImplicationsTheoretical ImplicationsWhat is the Resource Curse?Policy ImplicationsReferences