Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Paperback | April 4, 2010

byMalcolm W. Klein, Cheryl L. Maxson

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In the past two decades, many prevention and suppression programs have been initiated on a national and local level to combat street gangs--but what do we really know about them? Why do youths join them? Why do they proliferate? Street Gang Patterns and Policies is a crucial update andcritical examination of our understanding of gangs and major gang-control programs across the nation. Often perceived solely as an urban issue, street gangs are also a suburban and rural dilemma. Klein and Maxson focus on gang proliferation, migration, and crime patterns, and highlight known riskfactors that lead to youths form and join gangs within communities. Dispelling the long-standing assumptions that the public, the media, and law enforcement have about street gangs, they present a comprehensive overview of how gangs are organized and structured. The authors assess the major gangprograms across the nation and argue that existing prevention, intervention, and suppression methods targeting individuals, groups, and communities, have been largely ineffective. Klein and Maxson close by offering valuable policy guidelines for practitioners on how to intervene and control gangsmore successfully. Filling an important gap in the literature on street gangs and social control, this book is a must-read for criminologists, social workers, policy makers, and criminal justice practitioners.

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In the past two decades, many prevention and suppression programs have been initiated on a national and local level to combat street gangs--but what do we really know about them? Why do youths join them? Why do they proliferate? Street Gang Patterns and Policies is a crucial update andcritical examination of our understanding of gangs ...

Malcolm W. Klein is Emeritus Professor at the University of Southern California. Cheryl L. Maxson is Associate Professor in the Department of Criminology, Law and Society at the University of California, Irvine.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 9.1 × 6.1 × 0.9 inPublished:April 4, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199742898

ISBN - 13:9780199742899

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPart One1. Gang Prevalence, Proliferation, and Migration2. Gang Crime Patterns3. Six Major Gang Control ProgramsPart Two4. Individual Level Context: Risk Factors for Joining Gangs5. Gang Structures and Group Processes6. Community ContextsPart Three7. Multiple Goals for Gang Control Programs and Policies8. A Model for Policy ChoicesNotesBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

"The need to intervene successfully with street gangs is self-evident; unfortunately the way to do so is not. Klein and Maxson, based on a masterful review of the empirical literature on gangs and on gang intervention efforts, lay out a balanced and comprehensive strategy for confronting thisproblem head-on. Neither falsely optimistic nor unnecessarily gloomy, they provide a road map that, if followed, will yield substantial progress in our fight against gangs." --Terence P. Thornberry, Director, Research Program on Problem Behavior, University of Colorado