Structures in Science: Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures An Advanced Textbook in Neo-Classical Philosophy o by Theo A.F. KuipersStructures in Science: Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures An Advanced Textbook in Neo-Classical Philosophy o by Theo A.F. Kuipers

Structures in Science: Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures An Advanced Textbook in Neo…

byTheo A.F. Kuipers

Paperback | December 7, 2010

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The philosophy of science has lost its self-confidence, witness the lack of advanced textbooks in contrast to the abundance of elementary textbooks. Structures in Science is an advanced textbook that explicates, updates, accommodates, and integrates the best insights of logical-empiricism and its main critics. This `neo-classical approach' aims at providing heuristic patterns for research. The book introduces four ideal types of research programs (descriptive, explanatory, design, and explicative) and reanimates the distinction between observational laws and proper theories. It explicates various patterns of explanation by subsumption and specification as well as structures in reductive and other types of interlevel research. Its analysis of theory evaluation leads to new characterizations of confirmation, empirical progress, and pseudoscience. Partial analogies between progress in nomological research (i.e. observational, referential, and theoretical truth approximation, presented in detail in From Instrumentalism to Constructive Realism, 2000) and progress in explicative and design research emerge. Finally, special chapters are devoted to design research programs, computational philosophy of science, the structuralist approach to theories, and research ethics.
Professor Theo Kuipers is the author of From Instrumentalism to Constructive Realism (Synthese Library 287, 2000). He is the leader of the Groningen Research Group `Cognitive Structures in Knowledge and Knowledge Development', which gained the highest possible scores in two successive assessments of Dutch philosophical research by inte...
Title:Structures in Science: Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures An Advanced Textbook in Neo…Format:PaperbackDimensions:428 pagesPublished:December 7, 2010Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9048157498

ISBN - 13:9789048157495

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Table of Contents

Foreword. Part I: Units of Scientific Knowledge and Knowledge Acquisition. 1. Research programs and research strategies. 2. Observational laws and proper theories. Part II: Patterns of Explanation and Description. 3. Explanation and reduction of laws. 4. Explanation and description by specification. Part III: Structures in Interlevel and Interfield Research. 5. Reduction and correlation of concepts. 6. Levels, styles, and mind-body research. Part IV: Confirmation and Empirical Progress. 7. Testing and further separate evaluation of theories. 8. Empirical progress and pseudoscience. Part V: Truth, Product, and Concept Approximation. 9. Progress in nomological, explicative and design research. 10. Design research programs. Part VI: Capita Selecta. 11. Computational philosophy of science. 12. The structuralist approach to theories. 13. `Default-norms' in research ethics. Suggestions for further reading. Exercises. Notes. References. Index of Names. Index of Subjects.